Safety margin assessment after microwave ablation of liver tumors: inter- and intrareader variability.

07:00 EST 12th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Safety margin assessment after microwave ablation of liver tumors: inter- and intrareader variability."

Background The aim of the study was to evaluate the inter- and intrareader variability of the safety margin assessment after microwave ablation of liver tumors using post-procedure computed tomography (CT) images as well as to determine the sensitivity and specificity of identification remnant tumor tissue. Patients and methods A retrospective analysis of 58 patients who underwent microwave ablation (MWA) of primary or secondary liver malignancies (46 hepatocellular carcinoma, 9 metastases of a colorectal cancer and 3 metastases of pancreatic cancer) between September 2017 and June 2019 was conducted. Three readers estimated the minimal safety margin in millimeters using side-by-side comparison of the 1-day pre-ablation CT and 1-day post-ablation CT and judged whether ablation was complete or incomplete. One reader estimated the safety margin again after 6 weeks. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after 6 weeks was the gold standard. Results The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for estimation of the minimal safety margin of all three readers was 0.357 (95%-confidence interval 0.194-0.522). The ICC for repeated assessment (reader 1) was 0.774 (95%-confidence interval 0.645-0.860). Sensitivity and specificity of the detection of complete tumor ablation, defined as no remnant tumor tissue in 6 weeks follow-up MRI, were 93%/82%/82% and 33%/17%/83%, respectively. Conclusions In clinical practice, the safety margin after liver tumor ablation is often assessed using side-by-side comparison of CT images. In the study, we were able to show, that this technique has a poor reliability (ICC 0.357). From our point of view, this proves the necessity of new technical procedures for the assessment of the safety distance.


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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Radiology and oncology
ISSN: 1581-3207


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Removal of tissue by vaporization, abrasion, or destruction. Methods used include heating tissue by hot liquids or microwave thermal heating, freezing (CRYOABLATION), chemical ablation, and photoablation with LASERS.

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Experimentally induced tumors of the LIVER.

Tumors or cancer of the LIVER.

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