Temporal Trends in the Standing Broad Jump Performance of United States Children and Adolescents.

07:00 EST 13th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Temporal Trends in the Standing Broad Jump Performance of United States Children and Adolescents."

: To estimate temporal trends in broad jump performance for United States youth, a marker of muscular fitness and health. : Electronic databases, topical systematic reviews, and personal libraries were systematically searched for studies reporting descriptive standing broad jump data for apparently healthy United States youth (age 10-17 years). Temporal trends at the sex-age level were estimated using sample-weighted regression models associating the year of testing to mean jump performance, with national trends standardized to the year 1985 using a post-stratified population-weighting procedure. : Collectively, there was a small increase of 12.6 cm (95%
12.5 to 12.7) or 7.9% (95%
7.1 to 8.6) in 65,527 United States youth between 1911 and 1990. Increases were greater for girls (change in means [95% CI]: 17.1 cm [16.9 to 17.3]; 11.4% [10.7 to 12.2]) compared to boys (change in means [95% CI]: 8.5 cm [8.3 to 8.7]; 4.6% [3.8 to 5.4]), but did not differ between children (10-12 years) and adolescents (13-17 years). Increases in broad jump performance were not always uniform across time, with steady and progressive increases observed for boys and children, respectively, and a diminishing rate of increase observed for girls and adolescents. : Muscular fitness is a good marker of health, so greater broad jump performance from 1911 to 1990 may reflect corresponding changes in health. Routine assessment of broad jump performance may be useful to monitor trends in health and muscular fitness of United States youth due to its practicality, scalability, and predictive utility.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Research quarterly for exercise and sport
ISSN: 2168-3824
Pages: 1-11


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [18258 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Trends in Firearm Injuries Among Children and Teenagers in the United States.

Gun violence among children and teenagers in the United States occurs at a magnitude many times that of other industrialized countries. The trends of injury in this age group relative to the adult pop...

Changes in patterns of mortality rates and years of life lost due to firearms in the United States, 1999 to 2016: A joinpoint analysis.

Firearm-related death rates and years of potential life lost (YPLL) vary widely between population subgroups and states. However, changes or inflections in temporal trends within subgroups and states ...

Temporal patterns and predictors of receiving no active treatment among older patients with acute myeloid leukemia in the United States: A population-level analysis.

The majority of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are aged >65 years at the time of diagnosis and are not actively treated. The objective of the current study was to determine the prevalence...

Letter by Vercillo Regarding Article, "Use, Temporal Trends, and Outcomes of Endovascular Therapy After Interhospital Transfer in the United States".

Male Mortality Trends in the United States, 1900-2010: Progress, Challenges, and Opportunities.

Male mortality fell substantially during the past century, and major causes of death changed. Building on our recent analysis of female mortality trends in the United States, we examined all-cause and...

Clinical Trials [7196 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Community Structure and Cardiovascular Mortality Trends

To assess the relationship of community socioeconomic (SE) structure to cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality trends in the United States.

Implication of Stiffness of the Hamstrings, Achilles Tendon and Calf Muscles for Jumping Performance

For optimal jumping performance an adequate interaction of muscles and tendons is required. A parameter in the functional evaluation of both structures is their stiffness (resistance of th...

A Study to Determine the Efficacy of a Multi-strain Synbiotic (SH-DS01) After Antibiotic Administration.

In the United States, healthcare providers prescribe over 270 million antibiotic prescriptions each year. While antibiotics have transformed medicine and our approach to life-threatening b...

Monitoring Community Trends in Heart Failure

To examine temporal trends from 1995 and 2000 in the incidence rates of heart failure, its therapeutic management, and changes over time in the hospital and long-term survival of patients ...

Pattern Of Use Of Belatacept In US Transplant Recipients

- The prevalence of Belatacept use - The characteristics of Belatacept users and the temporal trends in these characteristics - Characteristics of adult kidney-only tra...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A division of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that is responsible for the public health and the provision of medical services to NATIVE AMERICANS in the United States, primarily those residing on reservation lands.

The geographic area of the midwestern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not indicated. The states usually included in this region are Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wisconsin.

The geographic area of the southwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.

The geographic area of the northwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.

The geographic area of the southeastern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not included. The states usually included in this region are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia, and Virginia.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...

Searches Linking to this Article