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Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) represents a spectrum of sleep-related disorders associated with significant medical comorbidities. Nasal airway surgery has been shown to improve SDB but no large-scale studies exist that describe the long-term impact of surgery on patient perception of snoring and nasal obstruction. To characterize longitudinal snoring symptoms and nasal obstruction after functional nasal surgery for patients with SDB, stratified by history of snoring or obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). In this prospective cohort study, patients undergoing nasal surgery between 2013 and 2017 at a tertiary academic center were surveyed using Snoring Outcome Survey (SOS) and Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) questionnaires through 24 months postoperatively. Patient demographics, history of snoring, diagnosis of OSA, and prior nasal surgeries were analyzed. A total of 625 patients were recruited with 325 females (52.0%) and mean age of 36.3 years (SD 15.6), with 74.9% patients reported snoring ( = 468) and 10.7% patients ( = 67) with OSA. Patients undergoing dual functional and cosmetic septorhinoplasty with or without turbinate surgery were included. Those undergoing concomitant sinus surgery were excluded. Functional nasal surgery. SOS and NOSE scores were collected at 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. Patients undergoing nasal surgery had statistically and clinically significant improvement in NOSE score at 24 months (mean improvement 29.0 points, < 0.0001). Patients with snoring history also had significant improvement in SOS score through 24 months (mean improvement 10.7 points, < 0.0001). Nonsnorers demonstrated no significant change. OSA patients achieved clinically significant improvement in SOS scores through 24 months (mean improvement 31.9; > 0.05, minimum clinically important difference = 7.6 points). Nasal surgery improves long-term nasal obstruction as measured by NOSE score and, for those with comorbid snoring and OSA, can lead to a sustained improvement in snoring-related quality of life (QOL) based on SOS score. Nonsnorers did not have a significant change in snoring symptoms. SOS can be used as a practical and effective instrument to measure snoring-related QOL outcomes after nasal airway surgery. Future studies using objective measures of snoring are needed to quantify the physiologic change in snoring after treatment of nasal obstruction. 2c.
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Name: Facial plastic surgery & aesthetic medicine
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An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE established in 1990 to "provide indexing, abstracting, translating, publishing, and other services leading to a more effective and timely dissemination of information on research, demonstration projects, and evaluations with respect to health care to public and private entities and individuals engaged in the improvement of health care delivery..." It supersedes the National Center for Health Services Research. The United States Agency for Health Care Policy and Research was renamed Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) under the Healthcare Research and Quality Act of 1999.
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