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Complications in Rhinoplasty: A Literature Review and Comparison with a Survey of Consent Forms.

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Summary of "Complications in Rhinoplasty: A Literature Review and Comparison with a Survey of Consent Forms."

Informed consent in rhinoplasty is a challenging process due to the technically demanding surgery with a wide array of potential complications. To underscore the significance of informed consent in rhinoplasty, its complications, and identify gaps in the consent process. Dual search and comparison. First a review of the literature for rhinoplasty articles was carried out between January 2000 and November 2017 with at least 100 patients to identify complications and their incidences. Then a comprehensive online search for rhinoplasty consent forms was carried out to identify consent form topics and their incidences. Consent form topics and complication rates from the literature review were reported and directly compared. A total of 117 articles were included, with 36 different complications reported. Twenty-four consent forms were evaluated, yielding 80 different topics. Common complications within the literature included skin problems such as acne (18.3%), numbness (16.7%), hospital revisit (6.5%), primary source revision rate (5.3%), and dissatisfaction (5.0%). The most commonly covered consent topics included infection (100%), bleeding (95.8%), and scarring (95.8%). Unsatisfactory results and need for revision were only covered in 83.3% and 75.0% of consent forms, respectively, despite both being in the top 5 complications cited in the literature. Rhinoplasty consent forms generally cover a wide range of topics, with varying incidences of complications cited within the literature. Certain complications such as dissatisfaction and revision surgery should be included in every consent process. These data help provide a contextual framework as well as valuable information in preoperative counseling for patients and physicians regarding rhinoplasty and its potential complications NA.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Facial plastic surgery & aesthetic medicine
ISSN: 2689-3622
Pages: 50-56

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.

An article or book published after examination of published material on a subject. It may be comprehensive to various degrees and the time range of material scrutinized may be broad or narrow, but the reviews most often desired are reviews of the current literature. The textual material examined may be equally broad and can encompass, in medicine specifically, clinical material as well as experimental research or case reports. State-of-the-art reviews tend to address more current matters. A review of the literature must be differentiated from HISTORICAL ARTICLE on the same subject, but a review of historical literature is also within the scope of this publication type.

Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.

Review of the medical necessity of hospital or other health facility admissions, upon or within a short time following an admission, and periodic review of services provided during the course of treatment.

Informed consent given by someone other than the patient or research subject.

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