Prevention and treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy: lessons from hepatitis B story!

07:00 EST 13th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Prevention and treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy: lessons from hepatitis B story!"

Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common type of drug-resistant epilepsy and hippocampal sclerosis (HS) is the most common pathological substrate of TLE. Considering the significant consequences of uncontrolled seizures (e.g., increased morbidity and mortality), epilepsy prevention remains a necessity that potentially could save many lives. Human herpes virus-6 (HHV-6) has been linked to TLE in humans. The relationship between HHV-6 and HS-TLE could be attributed to a neuro-inflammatory cascade triggered by the infection, involving direct neuronal damage and production of several pro-inflammatory cytokines under certain conditions that are still incompletely understood. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is another chronic viral infection with a life-long latency. HBV infection is linked to various clinical conditions, including liver cirrhosis. There are currently three ways to fight HBV infection and its consequences; primary prevention (by vaccination), secondary prevention (by drug therapy), and tertiary prevention (by liver transplantation). Considering the similarities between the natural histories of HHV-6 and HBV infections, and also the successful strategies which are currently available to fight HBV infection and its long-term consequences, here, we propose three strategies to fight HHV-6 and its possible long-term consequence (i.e., HS-TLE): Primary prevention: by developing vaccines to prevent HHV-6 infection; Secondary prevention: by considering trials of antiviral drugs to treat HHV-6 infection, when it happens in the childhood to hopefully prevent its long-term consequences; and, Tertiary prevention: by stem cell therapy for drug-resistant epilepsy.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The International journal of neuroscience
ISSN: 1563-5279
Pages: 1-7


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A neurosurgical procedure that removes the anterior TEMPORAL LOBE including the medial temporal structures of CEREBRAL CORTEX; AMYGDALA; HIPPOCAMPUS; and the adjacent PARAHIPPOCAMPAL GYRUS. This procedure is generally used for the treatment of intractable temporal epilepsy (EPILEPSY, TEMPORAL LOBE).

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A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)

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A disorder characterized by recurrent localized paroxysmal discharges of cerebral neurons that give rise to seizures that have motor manifestations. The majority of partial motor seizures originate in the FRONTAL LOBE (see also EPILEPSY, FRONTAL LOBE). Motor seizures may manifest as tonic or clonic movements involving the face, one limb or one side of the body. A variety of more complex patterns of movement, including abnormal posturing of extremities, may also occur.

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