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This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)
Clinical Guideline for Treating Acute Respiratory Insufficiency with Invasive Ventilation and Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: Evidence-Based Recommendations for Choosing Modes and Setting Parameters of Mechanical Ventilation.
For patients with acute respiratory insufficiency, mechanical ("invasive") ventilation is a fundamental therapeutic measure to ensure sufficient gas exchange. Despite decades of strong research effort...
Lung-protective ventilation for acute respiratory distress syndrome aims for providing sufficient oxygenation and carbon dioxide clearance, while limiting the harmful effects of mechanical ventilation...
Mechanical ventilation therapy of respiratory failure patients can be guided by monitoring patient-specific respiratory mechanics. However, the patient's spontaneous breathing effort during controlled...
Pulmonary complications related to residual neuromuscular blockade lead to morbidity and mortality. Using an interrupted time series design, we tested whether proportions of reintubation for respirato...
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterized by acute, diffuse, inflammatory lung injury leading to increased pulmonary vascular permeability, pulmonary oedema and loss of aerated tissu...
With the birth of Mechanical Ventilation in the 1950s came the ventilation induced lung injuries (VILI). Numerous works have since then shown the benefit of "protective ventilation", notab...
This is a multicenter randomized controlled pilot trial to investigate the feasibility of assessing respiratory mechanics to individualize ventilation parameters compared to a conventional...
The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of one-time respiratory volume measured by RVM(Respiratory Volume Monitor) compared to the one-time respiratory volume measured by m...
To assess patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure using echocardiography,cardiac output measurements and markers of neural respiratory drive (EMGpara) prior to, during and after non-...
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that mechanical ventilation guided by the diaphragm EMG signal (also know as neurally adjusted ventilatory assist [NAVA]) is superior compared t...
Respiratory support system used primarily with rates of about 100 to 200/min with volumes of from about one to three times predicted anatomic dead space. Used to treat respiratory failure and maintain ventilation under severe circumstances.
Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.
A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). Histologically, it is characterized by the unusual abnormalities of the bronchioles, such as METAPLASIA, decrease in alveolar number, and formation of CYSTS.
A light microscopic technique in which only a small spot is illuminated and observed at a time. An image is constructed through point-by-point scanning of the field in this manner. Light sources may be conventional or laser, and fluorescence or transmitted observations are possible.
The total volume of gas inspired or expired per unit of time, usually measured in liters per minute.
Asthma COPD Cystic Fibrosis Pneumonia Pulmonary Medicine Respiratory Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are any infection of the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs. They're usually caused by viruses, but they can also ...