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Seeding the Self-Assembly of DNA Origamis at Surfaces.

07:00 EST 13th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Seeding the Self-Assembly of DNA Origamis at Surfaces."

Unlike supramolecular self-assembly methods that can organize many distinct components into designer shapes in a homogeneous solution (e.g., DNA origami), only relatively simple, symmetric structures consisting of a few distinct components have been self-assembled at solid surfaces. As the self-assembly process is confined to the surface/interface by mostly nonspecific attractive interactions, an open question is how these interfacial interactions affect multicomponent self-assembly. To gain a mechanistic understanding of the roles of surface environment in DNA origami self-assembly, here we studied the oligonucleotide-assisted folding of a long single-stranded DNA (ssDNA scaffold) that was end-tethered to a dynamic surface, which could actively regulate the DNA-surface interactions. The results showed that even weak surface attractions can lead to defective structures by inhibiting the merging of multiple domains into complete structures. A combination of surface anchoring and deliberate regulation of DNA-surface interactions allowed us to depart from the existing paradigm of surface confinement via nonspecific interactions and enabled DNA origami folding to proceed in a solution-like environment. Importantly, our strategy retains the key advantages of surface-mediated self-assembly. Moreover, surface-anchored oligonucleotides could sequence-specifically initiate the growth of DNA origamis of specific sizes and shapes. Our work enables information to be encoded into a surface and expressed into complex DNA surface architectures for potential nanoelectronics and nanophotonics applications. In addition, our approach to surface confinement may facilitate the 2D self-assembly of other molecular components, such as proteins, as maintaining conformational freedom may be a general challenge in the self-assembly of complex structures at surfaces.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: ACS nano
ISSN: 1936-086X
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