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Reported herein is a visible-light-mediated radical approach to the α-alkylation of ketones. This method exploits the ability of a nucleophilic organocatalyst to generate radicals upon S N 2-based activation of alkyl halides and blue light irradiation. The resulting open-shell intermediates are then intercepted by weakly nucleophilic silyl enol ethers, which would be unable to directly attack the alkyl halides through a traditional two-electron path. The method's mild reaction conditions allowed us to functionalize the α position of ketones with functional groups that are not compatible with classical anionic strategies. In addition, the redox-neutral nature of this process makes it compatible with a cinchona-based primary amine catalyst, which was used to develop a rare example of enantioselective organocatalytic radical α-alkylation of ketones.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English)
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Chemical reactions effected by light.
A strategy for purchasing health care in a manner which will obtain maximum value for the price for the purchasers of the health care and the recipients. The concept was developed primarily by Alain Enthoven of Stanford University and promulgated by the Jackson Hole Group. The strategy depends on sponsors for groups of the population to be insured. The sponsor, in some cases a health alliance, acts as an intermediary between the group and competing provider groups (accountable health plans). The competition is price-based among annual premiums for a defined, standardized benefit package. (From Slee and Slee, Health Care Reform Terms, 1993)
Highly reactive molecules with an unsatisfied electron valence pair. Free radicals are produced in both normal and pathological processes. They are proven or suspected agents of tissue damage in a wide variety of circumstances including radiation, damage from environment chemicals, and aging. Natural and pharmacological prevention of free radical damage is being actively investigated.
Teaching strategy of shared learning based cross-discipline experiences and placements.
An antineoplastic agent that acts by alkylation.