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Survey of cytotoxic and UV protection effects of biosynthesized cerium oxide nanoparticles.

07:00 EST 13th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Survey of cytotoxic and UV protection effects of biosynthesized cerium oxide nanoparticles."

Cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO NPs) are among the important nanoparticles that are extensively utilized in cosmetics, automotive industries, ultraviolet (UV) filtration, gas sensors, and pharmaceutical products. In this study, CeO NPs were synthesized using an aqueous extract of Ziziphus jujube fruit. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized using UV-visible spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, energy-dispersive spectroscopy, field energy scanning electron microscopy, and Raman methods. The results indicated that the size of synthesized nanoparticles is between 18 and 25 nm, and they have a spherical shape. UV absorbance of the synthesized nanoparticles was measured through spectrophotometric method in the range of 290 to 320 nm. The cytotoxic activity of synthesized CeO NPs against colon (HT-29) cancer cell line was surveyed through 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. The results showed that synthesized nanoparticles are nontoxic on HT-29 cells under 400 μg/mL concentrations after 24 hours of treatment time periods. The increase in treatment time cases increases cytotoxic activity of synthesized nanoparticles. Sun protection factor of CeO NPs, as a criterion for amount of sunlight radiation protection, was determined by applying Mansur equation. The results demonstrated that synthesized CeO NPs have excellent UV protection and sunscreen physical absorption properties.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of biochemical and molecular toxicology
ISSN: 1099-0461
Pages: e22475

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Stable cerium atoms that have the same atomic number as the element cerium, but differ in atomic weight. Ce-136, 138, and 142 are stable cerium isotopes.

Unstable isotopes of cerium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Ce atoms with atomic weights 132-135, 137, 139, and 141-148 are radioactive cerium isotopes.

Iron (II,III) oxide (Fe3O4). It is a black ore of IRON that forms opaque crystals and exerts strong magnetism. The NANOPARTICLES; and MICROSPHERES of its mineral form, magnetite, have many biomedical applications.

Nanometer-sized particles that are nanoscale in three dimensions. They include nanocrystaline materials; NANOCAPSULES; METAL NANOPARTICLES; DENDRIMERS, and QUANTUM DOTS. The uses of nanoparticles include DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and cancer targeting and imaging.

An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Ce, atomic number 58, and atomic weight 140.12. Cerium is a malleable metal used in industrial applications.

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