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Nitrogen Doped γ-Graphyne: A Novel Anode for High-Capacity Rechargeable Alkali-Ion Batteries.

07:00 EST 13th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Nitrogen Doped γ-Graphyne: A Novel Anode for High-Capacity Rechargeable Alkali-Ion Batteries."

High energy density is the major demand for next-generation rechargeable batteries, while the intrinsic low alkali metal adsorption of traditional carbon-based electrode remains the main challenge. Here, the mechanochemical route is proposed to prepare nitrogen doped γ-graphyne (NGY) and its high capacity is demonstrated in lithium (LIBs)/sodium (SIBs) ion batteries. The sample delivers large reversible Li (1037 mAh g ) and Na (570.4 mAh g ) storage capacities at 100 mA g and presents excellent rate capabilities (526 mAh g for LIBs and 180.2 mAh g for SIBs) at 5 A g . The superior Li/Na storage mechanisms of NGY are revealed by its 2D morphology evolution, quantitative kinetics, and theoretical calculations. The effects on the diffusion barriers (E ) and adsorption energies (E ) of Li/Na atoms in NGY are also studied and imine-N is demonstrated to be the ideal doping format to enhance the Li/Na storage performance. Besides, the Li/Na adsorption routes in NGY are optimized according to the experimental and the first-principles calculation results. This work provides a facile way to fabricate high capacity electrodes in LIBs/SIBs, which is also instructive for the design of other heteroatomic doped electrodes.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)
ISSN: 1613-6829
Pages: e1907365

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