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Nanocatalytic medicine has been developed recently to trigger intratumoral generation of highly toxic reactive oxygen species (ROS) for cancer therapy, which, unfortunately, suffers from compromised therapeutic efficacy due to a self-protective mechanism, autophagy, of cancer cells to mitigate oxidative damage. In this work, during the efforts of ROS generation by nanocatalytic medicine, a pharmacological autophagy inhibition strategy is implemented for augmenting ROS-induced oxidative damage for synergetic cancer therapy. An iron-containing metal-organic framework [MOF(Fe)] nanocatalyst as a peroxidase mimic is used to catalyze the generation of highly oxidizing •OH radicals specifically within cancer cells, while chloroquine is applied to deacidify lysosomes and inhibit autophagy, cutting off the self-protection pathway under severe oxidative stress. Cancer cells fail to extract their components to detoxicate and strengthen themselves, finally succumbing to the ROS-induced oxidative damage during nanocatalytic therapy. Both in vitro and in vivo results demonstrate the synergy between nanocatalytic therapy and autophagy inhibition, suggesting that such a combined strategy is applicable to amplify tumor-specific oxidative damage and may be informative to future design of therapeutic regimen.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.)
Traditional cancer-therapeutic modalities such as chemotherapy suffer from the low therapeutic efficiency and severe side effects. The emerging nanocatalytic therapy could in-situ catalyze the endogen...
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Supramolecular networks that consist of ordered arrangements of organic electron donor linkers (usually ditopic or polytopic organic carboxylates) and metal cations. They can have an extremely high surface area and adjustable pore size that allows for the insertion of other molecules capable of various functions such as catalysis, capture of carbon dioxide, and drug delivery.
The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.
Neutral or negatively charged ligands bonded to metal cations or neutral atoms. The number of ligand atoms to which the metal center is directly bonded is the metal cation's coordination number, and this number is always greater than the regular valence or oxidation number of the metal. A coordination complex can be negative, neutral, or positively charged.
A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)
Organic chemicals that form two or more coordination links with an iron ion. Once coordination has occurred, the complex formed is called a chelate. The iron-binding porphyrin group of hemoglobin is an example of a metal chelate found in biological systems.
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