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Alcoholic liver disease is the most prevalent chronic liver disease. Melatonin is known to control many vital processes. Here, we explored a novel molecular mechanism by which melatonin-induced SIRT1 signaling protects against alcohol-mediated oxidative stress and liver injury. Gene expression profiles and metabolic changes were measured in liver specimens of mice and human subjects. Expression levels of Cb1r, Crbn, Btg2, Yy1, pro-inflammatory cytokines, and Cyp2e1 were significantly enhanced in chronic alcohol-challenged mice and human subjects. Levels of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), hepatic CYP2E1 protein, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were elevated in alcohol-fed WT mice but not in Cb1r antagonist-treated, Crbn null, or Yy1 silenced mice. Importantly, alcohol-induced Yy1 and Cyp2e1 expression, ROS amount, and liver injury were markedly diminished by melatonin treatment and the transduction of Sirt1 in mice, whereas this phenomenon was prominently ablated by silencing of Sirt1. Notably, SIRT1 physically interacted with YY1 and attenuated YY1 occupancy on the Cyp2e1 gene promoter. Melatonin-SIRT1 signaling ameliorates alcohol-induced oxidative liver injury by disrupting the CRBN-YY1-CYP2E1 signaling pathway. The manipulation of CRBN-YY1-CYP2E1 signaling network by the melatonin-SIRT1 pathway highlights a novel entry point for treating alcoholic liver disease.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of pineal research
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A biogenic amine that is found in animals and plants. In mammals, melatonin is produced by the PINEAL GLAND. Its secretion increases in darkness and decreases during exposure to light. Melatonin is implicated in the regulation of SLEEP, mood, and REPRODUCTION. Melatonin is also an effective antioxidant.
A family of G-protein-coupled receptors that are specific for and mediate the effects of MELATONIN. Activation of melatonin receptors has been associated with decreased intracellular CYCLIC AMP and increased hydrolysis of PHOSPHOINOSITIDES.
A melatonin receptor subtype primarily found expressed in the BRAIN and RETINA.
A melatonin receptor subtype that is primarily found in the HYPOTHALAMUS and in the KIDNEY.
Fatty liver finding without excessive ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION.
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