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Hypoxic conditions often arise from waterlogging and flooding, affecting several aspects of plant metabolism, including the uptake of nutrients. We identified a member of the CALCINEURIN β-LIKE INTERACTING PROTEIN KINASE (CIPK) family in Arabidopsis, CIPK25, which is induced in the root endodermis under low-oxygen conditions. A cipk25 mutant exhibited higher sensitivity to anoxia in conditions of potassium limitation, suggesting that this kinase is involved in the regulation of potassium uptake. Interestingly, we found that CIPK25 interacts with AKT1, the major inward rectifying potassium channel in Arabidopsis. Under anoxic conditions, cipk25 mutant seedlings were unable to maintain potassium concentrations at wild-type levels, suggesting that CIPK25 likely plays a role in modulating potassium homeostasis under low-oxygen conditions. In addition, cipk25 and akt1 mutants share similar developmental defects under waterlogging, further supporting an interplay between CIPK25 and AKT1.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of experimental botany
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The purpose of this study is to determine whether calcineurin phosphatase in the T-lymphocytes is up-regulated after long-term treatment with tacrolimus, a calcineurin inhibitor.
A CALCIUM and CALMODULIN-dependent serine/threonine protein phosphatase that is composed of the calcineurin A catalytic subunit and the calcineurin B regulatory subunit. Calcineurin has been shown to dephosphorylate a number of phosphoproteins including HISTONES; MYOSIN LIGHT CHAIN; and the regulatory subunits of CAMP-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASES. It is involved in the regulation of signal transduction and is the target of an important class of immunophilin-immunosuppressive drug complexes.
Compounds that inhibit or block the PHOSPHATASE activity of CALCINEURIN.
A structurally-diverse family of intracellular-signaling adaptor proteins that selectively tether specific protein kinase A subtypes to distinct subcellular sites. They play a role in focusing the PROTEIN KINASE A activity toward relevant substrates. Over fifty members of this family exist, most of which bind specifically to regulatory subunits of CYCLIC AMP-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASE TYPE II such as CAMP PROTEIN KINASE RIIALPHA or CAMP PROTEIN KINASE RIIBETA.
A protein kinase C subtype that was originally characterized as a CALCIUM-independent, serine-threonine kinase that is activated by PHORBOL ESTERS and DIACYLGLYCEROLS. It is targeted to specific cellular compartments in response to extracellular signals that activate G-PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTORS; TYROSINE KINASE RECEPTORS; and intracellular protein tyrosine kinase.
A RIP serine-theonine kinase that contains a C-terminal caspase activation and recruitment domain. It can signal by associating with other CARD-signaling adaptor proteins and INITIATOR CASPASES that contain CARD domains within their N-terminal pro-domain region.
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