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in vitro yeast reconstituted translation system reveals function of eIF5A for synthesis of long polypeptide.

07:00 EST 13th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "in vitro yeast reconstituted translation system reveals function of eIF5A for synthesis of long polypeptide."

We have recently developed an in vitro yeast reconstituted translation system, which is capable of synthesizing long polypeptides. Utilizing the system, we examined the role of eIF5A and its hypusine-modification in translating polyproline sequence within long ORFs. We found that polyproline-motif inserted at the internal position of the protein arrests translation exclusively at low Mg2+ concentrations, and peptidylpolyproline-tRNA intrinsically destabilizes 80S ribosomes. We demonstrate that unmodified eIF5A essentially resolves such ribosome-stalling, however, the hypusine-modification drastically stimulates ability of eIF5A to rescue polyproline-mediated ribosome stalling, and is particularly important for the efficient translation of the N-terminal or long internal polyproline-motifs.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of biochemistry
ISSN: 1756-2651
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Protein factors released from one species of YEAST that are selectively toxic to another species of yeast.

The small RNA molecules, 73-80 nucleotides long, that function during translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC) to align AMINO ACIDS at the RIBOSOMES in a sequence determined by the mRNA (RNA, MESSENGER). There are about 30 different transfer RNAs. Each recognizes a specific CODON set on the mRNA through its own ANTICODON and as aminoacyl tRNAs (RNA, TRANSFER, AMINO ACYL), each carries a specific amino acid to the ribosome to add to the elongating peptide chains.

Multicomponent ribonucleoprotein structures found in the CYTOPLASM of all cells, and in MITOCHONDRIA, and PLASTIDS. They function in PROTEIN BIOSYNTHESIS via GENETIC TRANSLATION.

A general term for single-celled rounded fungi that reproduce by budding. Brewers' and bakers' yeasts are SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE; therapeutic dried yeast is YEAST, DRIED.

An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.

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