Topics

Gut microbial diversity during pregnancy and early infancy: an exploratory study in the Indian population.

07:00 EST 13th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Gut microbial diversity during pregnancy and early infancy: an exploratory study in the Indian population."

The gut microbial community is known to influence the human health and disease state and is shaped by various factors since birth. It is now evident that understanding the alterations in these commensal microbes during crucial stages of life is of utmost importance to determine and predict the health status of an individual. To study the gut microbiota in two such vital stages, pregnancy and infancy, we analyzed gut microbial communities from 20 mother-infant dyads at different stages of pregnancy and early infancy. In total, we analyzed 80 fecal samples for profiling the gut microbial community using 16S rRNA gene-based sequencing. We observed no significant alterations in the gut bacterial diversity during pregnancy; however, significant alterations were observed during the period from birth to six months in infants, with a reduction in Staphylococcus and Enterococcus and an increase in Bifidobacterium and Streptococcus with a more stable microbial community at the age of six months.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: FEMS microbiology letters
ISSN: 1574-6968
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [24232 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Early-Pregnancy Circulating Antioxidant Capacity and Hemodynamic Adaptation in Recurrent Placental Syndrome: An Exploratory Study.

Placental syndromes (PS) refer to pregnancy complications that include gestational hypertension, (pre)eclampsia, HELLP syndrome, and/or placental insufficiency-induced fetal growth restriction. These ...

Different measures of dietary diversity during infancy and the association with childhood food allergy in a UK birth cohort study.

Diet Diversity (DD) during infancy may prevent food allergies (FA), possibly by exposing the gastrointestinal microbiota to diverse foods and nutrients.

Pregnancy anxiety in expectant mothers predicts offspring negative affect: The moderating role of acculturation.

Pregnancy anxiety predicts adverse developmental outcomes in offspring from infancy through late childhood, but studies have not examined associations with outcomes in early childhood, nor clarified e...

Time-course relationship between environmental factors and microbial diversity in tobacco soil.

Soil physicochemical properties and microbial diversity both play equally important roles in tobacco cultivation. However, the relationship between these factors remains unclear. In this study, we inv...

Depressive symptoms and maternal psychological distress during early infancy: A pilot study in preterm as compared with term mother-infant dyads.

Preterm birth does not only affect infants but also represents an unexpected and traumatic event for parents. There are few reports on parenting stress during early infancy comparing preterm and term ...

Clinical Trials [8888 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Impact of Education During Pregnancy in Overweight Pregnant Women

Metabolic environment of the foetus during pregnancy in obese women is altered and the child exposed at an increased risk of obesity. Rapid infancy and childhood weight gain is associated ...

Pre-, Peri- and Postnatal Programming and Origins of Disease: Early Targeting the Epidemics of Allergy and Overweight

Combined programme: Nutrition, Allergy, Mucosal immunology and Intestinal microbiota (NAMI) was created with the objective to reverse the rising trend of chronic inflammatory diseases, suc...

Micronutrient Status During Pregnancy

An adequate micronutrient status during fetal life and infancy is important for optimal development. Dietary practices during pregnancy, lactation and infancy vary among populations and th...

Microbial Diversity of Small Bowel Stoma Effluent and Colonic Faeces

Several studies suggested that dysbacteriosis usually happened in patients with intestinal failure (IF). However, differences of microbiota diversity in small intestine stoma effluents and...

Dietary Diversity is Associated With Maternal Anemia and Key Prenatal Outcomes in Ethiopia

Background: Maternal and child under-nutrition is the underlying cause of death for millions across the globe. Anemia during pregnancy is among the leading nutritional disorders with serio...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Round-shaped structure usually located in the upper fundus of the UTERUS in early pregnancy. It comprises EMBRYO; AMNIOTIC FLUID; and YOLK SAC. It is visible in PRENATAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY by the fifth week of pregnancy. Its size is often used to determine and monitor GESTATIONAL AGE; FETAL GROWTH; and PREGNANCY COMPLICATIONS.

A disorder caused by hemizygous microdeletion of about 28 genes on chromosome 7q11.23, including the ELASTIN gene. Clinical manifestations include SUPRAVALVULAR AORTIC STENOSIS; MENTAL RETARDATION; elfin facies; impaired visuospatial constructive abilities; and transient HYPERCALCEMIA in infancy. The condition affects both sexes, with onset at birth or in early infancy.

A condition in infancy or early childhood due to an in-utero deficiency of THYROID HORMONES that can be caused by genetic or environmental factors, such as thyroid dysgenesis or HYPOTHYROIDISM in infants of mothers treated with THIOURACIL during pregnancy. Endemic cretinism is the result of iodine deficiency. Clinical symptoms include severe MENTAL RETARDATION, impaired skeletal development, short stature, and MYXEDEMA.

A neurobehavioral syndrome associated with bilateral medial temporal lobe dysfunction. Clinical manifestations include oral exploratory behavior; tactile exploratory behavior; hypersexuality; BULIMIA; MEMORY DISORDERS; placidity; and an inability to recognize objects or faces. This disorder may result from a variety of conditions, including CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; infections; ALZHEIMER DISEASE; PICK DISEASE OF THE BRAIN; and CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS.

Proteins produced by organs of the mother or the PLACENTA during PREGNANCY. These proteins may be pregnancy-specific (present only during pregnancy) or pregnancy-associated (present during pregnancy or under other conditions such as hormone therapy or certain malignancies.)

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Obstetrics and gynaecology
Fertility Menopause Obstetrics & Gynaecology Osteoporosis Women's Health Obstetrics and gynaecology comprises the care of the pregnant woman, her unborn child and the management of diseases specific to women. Most consultant...

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...

Bioinformatics
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...


Searches Linking to this Article