Topics

Tannin supplementation modulates the composition and function of ruminal microbiome in lambs infected with gastrointestinal nematodes.

07:00 EST 13th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Tannin supplementation modulates the composition and function of ruminal microbiome in lambs infected with gastrointestinal nematodes."

This study was carried out to evaluate the effects of tannin supplementation on ruminal microbiota of sixteen lambs infected and non-infected with Haemonchus contortus and Trichostrongylus colubriformis. Animals were fed with hay, concentrate and supplemented with Acacia mearnsii (A. mearnsii). The animals were divided into four treatments: two control groups without infection, either receiving A. mearnsii (C+) or not (C-), and two infected groups, one with A. mearnsii (I+) and another without A. mearnsii (I-). Ruminal short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) and metagenome sequencing of ruminal microbiota were used to evaluate the effect of tannin and infection on ruminal microbiome. For SCFA, differences were observed only with A. mearnsii. Total SCFA and acetate molar percentage were decreased in C+ and I+ (P<0.05). Butyrate, valerate, and isovalerate were higher in lambs that received A. mearnsii in the diet (P<0.05). The infection changed the microbiome structure and decreased the abundance of butyrate-producing microorganisms. In addition, A. mearnsii supplementation also affected the structure the microbial community, increasing the diversity and abundance of the butyrate-producing and probiotics bacteria, amino acid metabolic pathways, purine, pyrimidine, and sphingolipid metabolism. Together, our findings indicate that A. mearnsii supplementation modulates important groups related to nitrogen, amino acid, purine and pyrimidine metabolism, in rumen microbiome, affected by gastrointestinal nematodes infection in lambs.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: FEMS microbiology ecology
ISSN: 1574-6941
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [9750 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Synchronous feeding of liquid protein source with different grains on performance, digestibility, ruminal fermentation, blood metabolites, and carcass characters in growing lambs.

The effects of feeding corn steep liquor (CSL; 420 g/kg crude protein, DM basis) along with different cereal grains on performance, digestibility, blood metabolites, ruminal fermentation, and carcass...

Betaine addition as a potent ruminal fermentation modulator under hyperthermal and hyperosmotic conditions in vitro.

Climatic and dietary shifts predispose ruminal microbes to hyperthermal and hyperosmotic stress, leading to the poor fermentation and subsequently adverse effects on ruminant productivity. Betaine may...

Cold temperature improves tannin tolerance in a granivorous rodent.

1.The foraging ecology of mammalian herbivores is regulated in part by their ability to detoxify plant secondary metabolites (PSM). Ambient temperature has been shown to alter liver function in rodent...

Metabolic studies reveal that ruminal microbes of adult steers do not degrade rumen-protected or unprotected L-citrulline.

In vitro and in vivo experiments were conducted to determine the metabolism of rumen-protected or unprotected L-citrulline (Cit) plus L-glutamine (Gln) by ruminal microbes. In the in vitro experiment,...

Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG supplementation modulates the gut microbiota to promote butyrate production, protecting against deoxynivalenol exposure in nude mice.

Deoxynivalenol (DON) is the most common mycotoxin in grains, and DON exposure causes gastrointestinal inflammation and systemic immunosuppression. The immunosuppression caused by DON has raised seriou...

Clinical Trials [6625 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Impact of Nutritional Supplementation on Sleep Quality and Gut Microbiome Composition in Older Adults

The aim of this study is to assess the impact of 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) supplementation on sleep quality and gut microbiome composition in older adults with normal cognition vs. mild ...

Heart Failure, Fiber and the Gut Microbiome: A Randomized Controlled Trial

FEAST-HF is a single-centre clinical trial in ambulatory patients with chronic HF to evaluate whether dietary supplementation with acacia gum reduces HF-related biomarkers NT-proBNP and ST...

Pulmonary Inflammation and Microbiome Changes With Bariatric Surgery in Obese Asthma

The purpose of this study is to gain understanding of mechanisms whereby bariatric surgery modulates pulmonary inflammation and pulmonary microbiome composition and how these changes direc...

Triphala and VSL#3 Probiotic Supplementation and Stool Microbiome Profiles and Inflammation

Normal aging can lead to loss of gut microbial biodiversity which is linked to inflammaging and immunosenescence or the loss of immunocompetence. Probiotics, such as VSL#3®, and certain h...

Intestinal Microbiome Composition in Infants With Biliary Atresia (BA)

A prospective observational study in infants with biliary atresia and controls to determine whether the composition of the intestinal microbiome is specific for biliary atresia will be con...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

All of the microbial organisms that naturally exist within the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.

Disease caused by the liberation of exotoxins of CLOSTRIDIUM PERFRINGENS in the intestines of sheep, goats, cattle, foals, and piglets. Type B enterotoxemia in lambs is lamb dysentery; type C enterotoxemia in mature sheep produces "struck", and in calves, lambs and piglets it produces hemorrhagic enterotoxemia; type D enterotoxemia in sheep and goats is pulpy-kidney disease or overeating disease.

A non-receptor protein-tyrosine kinase that is expressed primarily in the BRAIN; OSTEOBLASTS; and LYMPHOID CELLS. In the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM focal adhesion kinase 2 modulates ION CHANNEL function and MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASES activity.

Large regions of the GENOME that contain local similarities in BASE COMPOSITION.

The relative amounts of the PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in a nucleic acid.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Infectious-diseases
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...

Nutrition
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...

DNA sequencing
DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. During DNA sequencing, the bases of a small fragment of DNA are sequentially identified from signals emitted as each fragment is re-synthesized from a ...


Searches Linking to this Article