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Conventional segmentation of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) is prone to errors that may affect the accuracy of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) scans in detecting glaucomatous damage.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: JAMA ophthalmology
Volumetric assessment of meningiomas represents a valuable tool for treatment planning and evaluation of tumor growth as it enables a more precise assessment of tumor size than conventional diameter...
The segmentation of organs from a CT scan is a time-consuming task, which is one hindrance for adaptive radiation therapy. Through deep learning, it is possible to automatically delineate organs. Metr...
In the current clinical care practice, Gleason grading system is one of the most powerful prognostic predictors for prostate cancer (PCa). The grading system is based on the architectural pattern of c...
The loss of skeletal muscle mass is recognized as a complication of several chronic diseases and is associated with increased mortality and a decreased quality of life. Relevant and reliable animal mo...
A deep learning approach has been taken to improve detection characteristics of surface plasmon microscopy (SPM) of light scattering. Deep learning based on convolutional neural network algorithm was ...
Because the diagnostic criteria for prostate cancer are different in the peripheral and the transition zone, prostate segmentation is needed for any computer-aided diagnosis system aimed a...
Primary angle closure diseases (PACD) are commonly seen in Asia. In clinical practice, gonioscopy is the gold standard for angle width classification in PACD patietns. However, gonioscopy ...
The purpose of this study is to develop and validate a deep learning algorithm for the diagnosis of gastrointestinal diseases. Then, evaluate the accuracy this new artificial intelligence(...
The purpose of this study is to develop and validate a deep learning algorithm to realize automatic recognition of colonic segments under conventional colonoscopy. Then, evaluate the accur...
Cardiac CT allows the assessment of the heart and of the coronary arteries by use of ionising radiation. Although radiation exposure was significantly reduced in recent years, further decr...
Process in which individuals take the initiative, in diagnosing their learning needs, formulating learning goals, identifying resources for learning, choosing and implementing learning strategies and evaluating learning outcomes (Knowles, 1975)
SUPERVISED MACHINE LEARNING algorithm which learns to assign labels to objects from a set of training examples. Examples are learning to recognize fraudulent credit card activity by examining hundreds or thousands of fraudulent and non-fraudulent credit card activity, or learning to make disease diagnosis or prognosis based on automatic classification of microarray gene expression profiles drawn from hundreds or thousands of samples.
Diagnosed when there are specific deficits in an individual’s ability to perceive or process information efficiently and accurately. This disorder first manifests during the years of formal schooling and is characterized by persistent and impairing difficulties with learning foundational academic skills in reading, writing, and/or math. The individual’s performance of the affected academic skills is well below average for age, or acceptable performance levels are achieved only with extraordinary effort. Specific learning disorder may occur in individuals identified as intellectually gifted and manifest only when the learning demands or assessment procedures (e.g., timed tests) pose barriers that cannot be overcome by their innate intelligence and compensatory strategies. For all individuals, specific learning disorder can produce lifelong impairments in activities dependent on the skills, including occupational performance. (from DSM-V)
Change in learning in one situation due to prior learning in another situation. The transfer can be positive (with second learning improved by first) or negative (where the reverse holds).
A principle that learning is facilitated when the learner receives immediate evaluation of learning performance. The concept also hypothesizes that learning is facilitated when the learner is promptly informed whether a response is correct, and, if incorrect, of the direction of error.
Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that is devoted to the study and treatment of eye diseases. As well as mild visual defects correctable by lenses, ophthalmology is concerned with glaucoma, uveitis and other serious conditions affecting the eye, ...