Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Combined BRAF and MEK inhibition is one of the first-line treatment strategies for patients with advanced BRAF-mutant melanoma. Sarcoid-like reactions (SLRs) have occasionally been described with melanoma systemic treatments such as immunotherapy or the BRAF inhibitor vemurafenib, but very few cases have been reported with dabrafenib and trametinib. Our aim was to better characterize SLR induced by this combination. We conducted a monocentric retrospective observational study among patients treated with dabrafenib and trametinib for BRAF-mutant advanced melanoma from January 2015 to March 2019. Patients presenting with histologically proven SLR were included. We also searched Medline database for all reported cases of SLR induced by targeted therapy. Of 63 patients on dabrafenib/trametinib combination, seven were diagnosed with a SLR. They all had specific cutaneous involvement, and one also displayed mediastinal and salivary glands involvement. None required systemic corticosteroids or dabrafenib/trametinib discontinuation. Three of them (43%) reached melanoma complete remission and are still on targeted therapy; and four patients progressed and died. A literature review yielded 22 additional cases of SLR induced by targeted therapy: the main affected organ was the skin, 11 patients (50%) had systemic involvement, five patients (23%) required systemic corticosteroids to reach partial or complete remission of SLR, 12 (55%) reached partial or complete response of melanoma while six (27%) progressed. BRAF and MEK inhibitors are potential triggers of SLR, although pathological mechanisms remain unclear. The mainstay of treatment is systemic or topical corticotherapy; targeted therapy discontinuation is usually not necessary.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Melanoma research
Nivolumab and pembrolizumab are humanized IgG4 monoclonal antibodies against programmed cell death 1 (PD-1). Although these agents are effective in treating advanced melanoma, non-small cell lung carc...
We report a case of a 50-year-old woman treated with anti-PD-1 inhibition for metastatic melanoma. During treatment, extensive and transient histopathologically confirmed sarcoid-like reaction was det...
Current therapies for metastatic melanoma (anti-PD1 and BRAF/MEK inhibitors) can cause drug-induced vitiligo. The aim of this study is to dermatologically define and histologically characterize this n...
Melanoma brain metastases (MBM) occur in up to 50% of patients with metastatic melanoma (MM) and represent a frequent site of systemic treatment failure for targeted therapies. However, to the authors...
Innovative therapeutic strategies in metastatic melanoma depend on molecular features and the combination of BRAF and MEK inhibitors (BRAFi+MEKi) which has recently shown an improved clinical efficacy...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether methotrexate is a effective corticosteroid sparing agent in the treatment of sarcoid-associated uveitis.
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease that can affect nearly any organ in the body. While most commonly affecting the lungs, vision threatening eye involvement occurs in appro...
For investigators' current experimental clinical trial, patients are given 4 injections of ipilimumab, given 3 weeks apart x 4 injections with or without cytokine-induced killer therapy. I...
The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety of TSA-CTL in the treatment of the advanced melanoma. The secondary purpose of this study is to evaluate preliminarily the effe...
RATIONALE: Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known whether combining melanoma vaccine with interleukin-2 is more effective than vaccine...
Intradermal injection of a heated (pasteurized) saline suspension of sarcoid tissue obtained from a sarcoid spleen or lymph node. In patients with active sarcoidosis a dusky red nodule develops slowly over the next few weeks at the injection site. Histologic examination, an essential part of the complete test, reveals sarcoid tissue.
Experimentally induced tumor that produces MELANIN in animals to provide a model for studying human MELANOMA.
An unpigmented malignant melanoma. It is an anaplastic melanoma consisting of cells derived from melanoblasts but not forming melanin. (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
Found in large amounts in the plasma and urine of patients with malignant melanoma. It is therefore used in the diagnosis of melanoma and for the detection of postoperative metastases. Cysteinyldopa is believed to be formed by the rapid enzymatic hydrolysis of 5-S-glutathionedopa found in melanin-producing cells.
An anti-CTLA-4 ANTIGEN monoclonal antibody initially indicated for the treatment of certain types of metastatic MELANOMA. Its mode of actions may include blocking of CTLA-4 mediated inhibition of CYTOTOXIC T LYMPHOCYTES, allowing for more efficient destruction of target tumor cells.
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...
There are three main types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma. Basal cell carcinoma Basal cell carcinoma, or BCC, is a cancer of the basal cells at the bottom of the epidermis. It’s very common ...
Melanoma is a highly malignant tumor of melanin-forming cells (melanocytes) There are most commonly found in the skin (resulting from sunlight exposure), but also in the eyes and mucous membranes. Metastasis to other regions of the body is also common....