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Anti-Proliferative Role of the Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors TKI-258 on Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma In Vitro.

07:00 EST 12th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Anti-Proliferative Role of the Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors TKI-258 on Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma In Vitro."

Identification of the antitumor role of tyrosine kinase inhibitors, such as TKI-258, may lead to novel therapeutics for Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC), which has high mortality rates. TKI-258 blocks Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptors (FGFRs), Platelet-Derived Growth Factor Receptors (PDGFRs), and Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor (VEGFRs).

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Anti-cancer agents in medicinal chemistry
ISSN: 1875-5992
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An enzyme group that specifically dephosphorylates phosphotyrosyl residues in selected proteins. Together with PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASE, it regulates tyrosine phosphorylation and dephosphorylation in cellular signal transduction and may play a role in cell growth control and carcinogenesis.

A protein kinase C subtype that was originally characterized as a CALCIUM-independent, serine-threonine kinase that is activated by PHORBOL ESTERS and DIACYLGLYCEROLS. It is targeted to specific cellular compartments in response to extracellular signals that activate G-PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTORS; TYROSINE KINASE RECEPTORS; and intracellular protein tyrosine kinase.

A 150-kDa MAP kinase kinase kinase that may play a role in the induction of APOPTOSIS. It has specificity for MAP KINASE KINASE 3; MAP KINASE KINASE 4; and MAP KINASE KINASE 6.

A receptor tyrosine kinase that transduces signals from EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX to the CYTOPLASM by binding ligands such as GALECTIN 3. It regulates many physiologic processes that include cell survival, migration, differentiation, and PHAGOCYTOSIS of apoptotic cells and ROD PHOTORECEPTORS in the RETINAL PIGMENT EPITHELIUM. Mutations in the MERTK gene are associated with type 38 RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA; it also plays a critical role as an inhibitor of TOLL-LIKE RECEPTORS signaling.

An eph family receptor found primarily in BRAIN and THYMUS. The EphB6 receptor is unusual in that its tyrosine kinase domain shares little homology with other members of this class. The unusual tyrosine kinase domain of this receptor appears to result in its lack of tyrosine kinase activity.

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