Topics

Stem cell aging in lifespan and disease: A state-of-the-art review.

07:00 EST 12th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Stem cell aging in lifespan and disease: A state-of-the-art review."

Aging considered as inevitable changes at different levels of genome, cell, and organism. From the accumulation of DNA damages to imperfect protein homeostasis, altered cellular communication and exhaustion of stem cells, aging is a major risk factor for many prevalent diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, pulmonary disease, diabetes, and neurological disorders. The cells are dynamic systems which through a cycle of processes such as replication, growth, and death could replenish the bodies' organs and tissues, keeping an entire organism in optimal working order. In many different tissues, adult stem cells are behind of these processes, replenishing dying cells to maintain normal tissue function and regenerating injured tissues. Therefore, adult stem cells play a vital role in preventing the aging of organs and tissues, and can delay aging. However, during aging these cells also undergo some detrimental changes such as alterations in the microenvironment, decline in the regenerative capacity, and loss of function. This review aims to discuss age-related changes of stem cells in different tissues and cells including skin, muscles, brain, heart, hair follicles, liver, and lung.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Current stem cell research & therapy
ISSN: 2212-3946
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [47819 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Aging of the Hematopoietic Stem Cell Niche: An Unnerving Matter.

The drivers of aging in the hematopoietic system remain incompletely understood. In this issue of Cell Stem Cell, Ho et al. (2019) report that functional switching of β-adrenergic nerve signaling un...

A hormone receptor pathway cell-autonomously delays neuron morphological aging by suppressing endocytosis.

Neurons have a lifespan that parallels that of the organism and are largely irreplaceable. Their unusually long lifespan predisposes neurons to neurodegenerative disease. We sought to identify physiol...

DNA damage in aging, the stem cell perspective.

DNA damage is one of the most consistent cellular process proposed to contribute to aging. The maintenance of genomic and epigenomic integrity is critical for proper function of cells and tissues thro...

Quiescence of Adult Mammalian Neural Stem Cells: A Highly Regulated Rest.

Neural stem cells in the adult mammalian brain are the source of new neurons that contribute to complex sensory and cognitive functions. Most adult neural stem cells are maintained in a state of rever...

Mitochondrial communication in the context of aging.

Mitochondria constantly contribute to the cell homeostasis and this, during the lifespan of a cell, takes its toll. Indeed, the functional decline of mitochondria appears correlated to the aging of th...

Clinical Trials [18768 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

MSC Infusion for Anti-aging and Regenerative Therapy

To evaluate the safety and efficacy of human Mesenchymal Stem Cell (hMSC) infusion therapy, in preserving general wellness and ameliorating or reversing the effects of aging in our study p...

The Change of Coagulation Markers in Children With β-Thalassemia Disease After Stem Cell Transplantation

Hypercoagulable state is well recognized in patients with β-thalassemia. Evidences of hypercoagulability include abnormal expression of phosphatidylserine on red blood cell (rbc) surface ...

Acarbose Anti-aging Effects in Geriatric Subjects

This study addresses a "lifespan approach to healthy development and aging" with direct relevance to humans by testing the anti-aging effects of acarbose in humans. It is a pilot study to:...

Malglycemia in the Pediatric Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Population

This is a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent a hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) between 1994 and 2016 to evaluate incidence of malglycemia and the relationship t...

Stem Cell Transplantation in Crohn's Disease

Unfortunately, some patients with Crohn's disease (CD) fail to respond to the best clinical treatments and some only experience temporary benefit. For severe Crohn's disease, there is an e...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The decrease in the cell's ability to proliferate with the passing of time. Each cell is programmed for a certain number of cell divisions and at the end of that time proliferation halts. The cell enters a quiescent state after which it experiences CELL DEATH via the process of APOPTOSIS.

A particular zone of tissue composed of a specialized microenvironment where stem cells are retained in a undifferentiated, self-renewable state.

Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.

Review of the medical necessity of hospital or other health facility admissions, upon or within a short time following an admission, and periodic review of services provided during the course of treatment.

Methods of implanting a CELL NUCLEUS from a donor cell into an enucleated acceptor cell. Often the nucleus of a somatic cell is transferred into a recipient OVUM or stem cell (STEM CELLS) with the nucleus removed. This technology may provide means to generate autologous diploid pluripotent cell for therapeutic cloning, and a model for studying NUCLEAR REPROGRAMMING in embryonic stem cells. Nuclear transfer was first accomplished with frog eggs (RANA PIPIENS) and reported in 1952.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Stem Cells
Track and monitor developments in stem cell research and commercial development.  Follow the tabs above to read the latest global news, research, clinical trials on stem cells and follow companies active in the stem cell industry.  BioPort...

Antiretroviral therapy
Standard antiretroviral therapy (ART) consists of the combination of at least three antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to maximally suppress the HIV virus and stop the progression of HIV disease. Huge reductions have been seen in rates of death and suffering whe...

Bioinformatics
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...


Searches Linking to this Article