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Surgical site infections (SSIs) are responsible for substantial morbidity in patients who undergo digestive surgery. However, very little is known about the aspects of SSIs in sub-Saharan Africa. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and identify the risk factors of SSI in patients who were treated in the Department of Digestive Surgery of Tenkodogo Hospital in Burkina Faso. We performed a prospective study from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016. All patients who underwent digestive tract surgery during this period were included and followed. Patients whose post-operative surgical sites were complicated by infection were identified. Surgical site infection was diagnosed according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) definition. Bacteriologic sampling was performed in all included patients. A total 964 patients underwent surgery during the study period and were included in the study. Seven hundred thirty-seven were females (76.4%), and 227 were males. The mean age of the included patients was 47.5 years (standard deviation [SD] = 9 years). One hundred fourteen patients presented with SSI, the incidence of which was 11.8%. The incidence of SSI was substantially higher in females than in males (63.2 vs. 36.8%, p < 0.05). The incidence was also higher in patients living below the poverty line (71.1 vs. 28.9%, p < 0.05). Clinically, the incidence of SSI was higher in emergency surgery than in scheduled surgery (84.2 vs. 15.8%, p < 0.05). Contaminated or dirty surgery was more risky than clean surgery (p < 0.05). With respect to bacteria, the most commonly isolated microbes were (66.7%) and (15%). Treatment mainly consisted of appropriate antibiotic therapy and local care. Three deaths were recorded for a mortality rate of 2.6%. Surgical site infections are frequent in sub-Saharan environments. The risk factors seem to be clinical and social.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Surgical infections
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A surgical specialty concerned with diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the heart, lungs, and esophagus. Two major types of thoracic surgery are classified as pulmonary and cardiovascular.
A surgical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders and abnormalities of the colon, rectum, and anal canal.
Surgery performed on the digestive system or its parts.
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