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Mastery of basic skills is critical for surgical training. Such training is best obtained by experiential learning, which requires an element of self-reflection. Self-reflection is not always an automatic process, however; guidance may be required. The purpose of this study was to determine whether guided self-assessment would help facilitate student mastery of learned skills in a veterinary basic surgery course. The course consisted of 18 lectures and eight laboratories. Students were provided with written notes and presentation slides before the course. At the end of each lab, students completed a self-assessment of their skills. Skills were practiced in multiple labs; at the end of the course, each student was given a graded, practical examination to evaluate skills mastery. Statistical analysis was performed to compare students' mean self-assessment over the eight labs and to determine whether self-assessment scores correlated with examination grades. Results from 80 students were included. Students' overall self-assessments improved significantly from lab 1 to lab 8, and their self-assessment of two specific skills (closed gloving and simple continuous suture pattern) also improved. Students' self-assessments after the eighth lab were predictive of their practical exam scores. These results suggest guided reflection in the form of self-assessment could help facilitate student mastery of basic surgery skills. Correlation between self-assessment and practical examination results suggests instructors may use these self-assessments to detect students who need extra practice or instruction.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of veterinary medical education
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Diagnosed when there are specific deficits in an individual’s ability to perceive or process information efficiently and accurately. This disorder first manifests during the years of formal schooling and is characterized by persistent and impairing difficulties with learning foundational academic skills in reading, writing, and/or math. The individual’s performance of the affected academic skills is well below average for age, or acceptable performance levels are achieved only with extraordinary effort. Specific learning disorder may occur in individuals identified as intellectually gifted and manifest only when the learning demands or assessment procedures (e.g., timed tests) pose barriers that cannot be overcome by their innate intelligence and compensatory strategies. For all individuals, specific learning disorder can produce lifelong impairments in activities dependent on the skills, including occupational performance. (from DSM-V)
Skills and knowledge required for assessment and treatment of traumatic, environmental, and medical emergencies in remote geographic or wilderness environments.
A board-certified specialty of VETERINARY MEDICINE, requiring at least four years of special education, training, and practice of veterinary surgery after graduation from veterinary school. In the written, oral, and practical examinations candidates may choose either large or small animal surgery. (From AVMA Directory, 43d ed, p278)
Any process by which toxicity, metabolism, absorption, elimination, preferred route of administration, safe dosage range, etc., for a drug or group of drugs is determined through clinical assessment in humans or veterinary animals.
Training of the mentally or physically disabled in work skills so they may be returned to regular employment utilizing these skills.
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