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The liver is the most frequent site of metastatic spread in malignancies that arise from the digestive system, including pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Metastasis to the liver is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in cancer patients, yet mechanisms that govern this process remain poorly understood. Until recently, liver tropism of metastasis was believed to be driven by mechanical factors that direct the passive flow of circulating cancer cells to the liver. However, emerging evidence now shows that liver metastasis is a dynamic process that is, at least in part, dependent on the formation of a "pro-metastatic niche". Key features of this niche are myeloid cells and fibrosis that support cancer cell colonization and growth. Inflammatory responses that are mounted early during primary tumor development are critical for the recruitment of myeloid cells and the deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins within the liver. Intriguingly, the inflammatory processes that direct the formation of a pro-metastatic niche share remarkable resemblance to mechanisms of liver injury and regeneration, suggesting that cancer co-opts physiological liver functions to support metastasis. Therefore, therapeutic strategies that target key elements of liver inflammation that form the basis of a pro-metastatic niche may lead to effective treatments for metastatic cancer.
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Name: Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.)
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Metastatic breast cancer characterized by EDEMA and ERYTHEMA of the affected breast due to LYMPHATIC METASTASIS and eventual obstruction of LYMPHATIC VESSELS by the cancer cells.
Ubiquitous macromolecules associated with the cell surface and extracellular matrix of a wide range of cells of vertebrate and invertebrate tissues. They are essential cofactors in cell-matrix adhesion processes, in cell-cell recognition systems, and in receptor-growth factor interactions. (From Cancer Metastasis Rev 1996; 15(2): 177-86; Hepatology 1996; 24(3): 524-32)
A malignant tumor arising from secreting cells of a racemose gland, particularly the salivary glands. Racemose (Latin racemosus, full of clusters) refers, as does acinar (Latin acinus, grape), to small saclike dilatations in various glands. Acinar cell carcinomas are usually well differentiated and account for about 13% of the cancers arising in the parotid gland. Lymph node metastasis occurs in about 16% of cases. Local recurrences and distant metastases many years after treatment are common. This tumor appears in all age groups and is most common in women. (Stedman, 25th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1240; from DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p575)
Tumors or cancer of the LIVER.
Analgesic antipyretic derivative of acetanilide. It has weak anti-inflammatory properties and is used as a common analgesic, but may cause liver, blood cell, and kidney damage.
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...
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