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The present review aims to analyse the current data available on the feasibility, safety and effectiveness of the minimally invasive surgical (MIS) treatment of diaphragmatic endometriosis (DE). Through the use of PubMed and Google Scholar database, we conducted a literature review of all available research related to diagnosis and treatment of DE, focussed on the minimally invasive techniques. The studies were selected independently by two authors according to the aim of this review. DE is an under-diagnosed disease affecting between 0.1% and 1.5% of fertile women. It is predominantly multiple, asymptomatic and highly associated with pelvic disease in about 50-90%. MIS techniques seems to be safe, effective and feasible in tertiary advanced endometriosis centre, offering definitive advantages in terms of hospital stay, post-operative pain and return to normal activity by using several surgical techniques as hydro-dissection plus resection, laser CO vaporisation, electrical fulguration, Sugarbaker peritonectomy, partial (shaving) and full-thickness diaphragmatic resection. Symptoms control range from 85% to 100%, with less than 3% of conversion, peri-operative complications and recurrence rate. All cases must be performed by multidisciplinary teams including at least a gynaecologist, thoracic surgeon and anaesthetist. The lack of prospective evaluation of DE interferes with the understanding about the natural history of disease and treatment results. Therefore, the development of adequate evidence-based recommendations about diagnosis, management and follow-up is difficult at this moment.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Describe a robotic approach to excision of full-thickness diaphragmatic endometriosis.
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Procedures that avoid use of open invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device. With the reduced trauma associated with minimally invasive surgery, long hospital stays may be reduced with increased rates of short stay or day surgery.
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Lung infections with the invasive forms of ASPERGILLUS, usually after surgery, transplantation, prolonged NEUTROPENIA or treatment with high-doses of CORTICOSTEROIDS. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis can progress to CHRONIC NECROTIZING PULMONARY ASPERGILLOSIS or hematogenous spread to other organs.
The use of ultrasound to guide minimally invasive surgical procedures such as needle ASPIRATION BIOPSY; DRAINAGE; etc. Its widest application is intravascular ultrasound imaging but it is useful also in urology and intra-abdominal conditions.
Minimally invasive procedures guided with the aid of magnetic resonance imaging to visualize tissue structures.
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