Topics

Examining childhood obesity through the lens of developmental psychopathology: Framing the issues to guide best practices in research and intervention.

07:03 LMT 1st January 0000 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Examining childhood obesity through the lens of developmental psychopathology: Framing the issues to guide best practices in research and intervention."

Rates of childhood overweight and obesity among youth in the United States remain historically high and can persist into adulthood, resulting in increased health care expenditures, comorbidities, and reduced quality of life. The purpose of this article is to illustrate how principles drawn from developmental psychopathology (DP) can be applied to enhance current conceptualizations of obesity risk during childhood and beyond. DP is a theoretical perspective that has reshaped the landscape of childhood mental health by using principles of developmental science to model complex processes leading to maladaptation or dysfunction with biological, psychological, and contextual roots. This article focuses on 2 broad interrelated DP tenets: (a) examination of developmental pathways considered both normative and nonnormative as well as processes of individual variation and the nature of developmental change and (b) articulation of complex transactional and transformational processes over time that incorporate both biobehavioral and social-contextual factors embedded in multilevel models. By illustrating how these DP tenets can expand on current childhood obesity knowledge, this article offers a novel perspective that closely aligns central developmental processes with childhood obesity risk and may enrich conceptual models and spark new directions for childhood obesity research, leading ultimately to more effective intervention and prevention efforts necessary to slow or, ideally, reverse, the obesity epidemic. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The American psychologist
ISSN: 1935-990X
Pages: 163-177

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [8277 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

The p factor: genetic analyses support a general dimension of psychopathology in childhood and adolescence.

Diverse behaviour problems in childhood correlate phenotypically, suggesting a general dimension of psychopathology that has been called the p factor. The shared genetic architecture between childhood...

Altered Neural Processing of Threat-Related Information in Children and Adolescents Exposed to Violence: A Transdiagnostic Mechanism Contributing to the Emergence of Psychopathology.

Exposure to violence in childhood is associated with increased risk for multiple forms of internalizing and externalizing psychopathology. We evaluated how exposure to violence in early life influence...

Prevention and Management of Childhood Obesity and Its Psychological and Health Comorbidities.

Childhood obesity has become a global pandemic in developed countries, leading to a host of medical conditions that contribute to increased morbidity and premature death. The causes of obesity in chil...

A Study on the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of Iranian Mothers towards Childhood Obesity.

In the recent decades, a dramatic increase in childhood obesity is one of the main public health problems. The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) of Iranian mo...

Research Review: Do parent ratings of infant negative emotionality and self-regulation predict psychopathology in childhood and adolescence? A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective longitudinal studies.

Identifying low-cost and easy to implement measures of infant markers of later psychopathology may improve targeting of early intervention for prevention. Because of their early manifestation, relativ...

Clinical Trials [6645 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Early Childhood Obesity Programming by Intrauterine Growth Restriction

The molecular mechanisms underlying developmental programming of childhood obesity remain poorly understood. Here, the investigators address major questions about early childhood obesity p...

Childhood Obesity Prevention Program for Hispanics

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a culturally-appropriate childhood obesity intervention with Hispanic families. The program aims at preventing childhood obesity b...

Translating Evidence Based Developmental Screening Into Pediatric Primary Care

The purpose of this study is to examine the feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness of implementing the AAP's recommendation that clinicians provide developmental surveillance at all ...

Parents As The Agent Of Change For Childhood Obesity (PAAC)

The objective of this study is to test and evaluate the effectiveness of a parent-only treatment for childhood obesity. This study provides state-of-the-art treatment for childhood obesit...

A Novel Congenital Cataract Category System

Congenital cataracts (CC) are the leading cause of childhood visual disabilities and treatable childhood blindness worldwide1. CC patients have a wide range of presentations of lens opacit...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Insertion of an artificial lens to replace the natural CRYSTALLINE LENS after CATARACT EXTRACTION or to supplement the natural lens which is left in place.

The portion of the crystalline lens surrounding the nucleus and bound anteriorly by the epithelium and posteriorly by the capsule. It contains lens fibers and amorphous, intercellular substance.

A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.

Incomplete rupture of the zonule with the displaced lens remaining behind the pupil. In dislocation, or complete rupture, the lens is displaced forward into the anterior chamber or backward into the vitreous body. When congenital, this condition is known as ECTOPIA LENTIS.

A type of crystallin that has been found in the lens (LENS, CRYSTALLINE) of certain species of VERTEBRATES. They are inactivated form of PHOSPHOPYRUVATE HYDRATASE.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Pediatrics
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...

Obesity
Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...


Searches Linking to this Article