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Adolescent antisocial behavior (ASB) can have long-term individual and societal consequences. Much of the research on the development of ASB considers risk and protective factors in isolation or as cumulative indices, likely overlooking the co-occurring and interacting nature of these factors. Guided by theories of ASB risk (i.e., coercive family process, disengagement), this study uses latent profile analysis to evaluate whether there are subgroups of families in the population that conform to specific constellations of risk factors prescribed by established theories of risk for ASB, and whether subgroup membership confers differential risk for different ASBs. We leveraged a large sample of adolescents in Fall, Grade 6 ( = 5,300; = 11.8; 50.9% female) for subgroup analysis, and predicted aggression, antisocial peer behavior, and substance use in Spring, Grade 8. Four family profiles were identified: (15%), characterized by high family conflict, low positive family climate, low parental involvement, low effective discipline, low adolescent positive engagement, and low parental knowledge; (41%), characterized by low positive family climate, low parental involvement, low adolescent positive engagement, and low parental knowledge; (11%), characterized by high parental involvement, low effective discipline, high adolescent positive engagement, high parental knowledge, and high family conflict; and (34% prevalence). In turn, group membership predicted long-term outcomes. Adolescents in Coercive families were at highest risk for ASB during Grade 8, followed by those in Disengaged and Permissive profiles; all three of which were at greater risk than adolescents in High Functioning families for every outcome. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).
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This study explored whether social support moderated the relationship between various symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and antisocial behavior. Participants were 597 adolescents from t...
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Evidence suggests that the Oxytocin Receptor Gene (OXTR) influences human social cognition and behavior. OXTR has been investigated in relation to antisocial behavior, but studies examining this assoc...
To evaluate whether extremely young maternal age (≤17 years) is associated with an increased risk of adverse perinatal outcome and an increased risk for long-term pediatric morbidity in offspring.
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This study investigates the relationship between prefrontal cortex activity and antisocial and aggressive behavior, and risk factors for such behavior. In the double-blind, randomized cont...
The purpose of this study is to examine the immediate and long-term effects of a prevention program in children at risk for developing conduct problems and antisocial behavior.
The main objective of this study is to investigate the causal relationship between prefrontal cortex activity and antisocial behavior, as well as risk factors for antisocial behavior. Spec...
The Nurse-Family Partnership, a program of prenatal and infancy home visiting by nurses, has been examined in a series of 3 randomized trials since 1977. It has received considerable atten...
The aim of this study was to examine the association between family consumer behaviors (healthy food availability and supermarket spending) and adolescent prediabetes and diabetes.
An adolescent who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Adolescent hospitalized for short term care.
Health insurance to provide full or partial coverage for long-term home care services or for long-term nursing care provided in a residential facility such as a nursing home.
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.