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Congenital heart disease (CHD) remains the most common birth defect, with an estimated incidence of approximately 1% of all births. The population of adults with CHD is growing rapidly with advances in medical care. Overall survival to adulthood in the current era estimated to exceed 90%. Genetic causes of CHD can be classified into several broad categories: (a) chromosomal aneuploidy, (b) large chromosomal deletion or duplication, (c) single gene mutation, and (d) copy number variation. However, only 20-30% of CHD cases have an established etiology characterized by either genetic abnormalities or environmental factors. The role of genetics in the field of adult CHD is only increasing. More adult patients with CHD are seeking genetic counseling to understand the etiology of their underlying CHD and the risks to future offspring. A multidisciplinary approach is essential to provide appropriate counseling to patients regarding indications for genetic testing and interpretations of results. Novel advances with precision medicine may soon enable clinicians to individualize therapies for a comprehensive approach to the care of adult patients with CHD.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: American journal of medical genetics. Part C, Seminars in medical genetics
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A condition characterized by the thickening of ENDOCARDIUM due to proliferation of fibrous and elastic tissue, usually in the left ventricle leading to impaired cardiac function (CARDIOMYOPATHY, RESTRICTIVE). It is most commonly seen in young children and rarely in adults. It is often associated with congenital heart anomalies (HEART DEFECTS CONGENITAL;) INFECTION; or gene mutation. Defects in the tafazzin protein, encoded by TAZ gene, result in a form of autosomal dominant familial endocardial fibroelastosis.
Cardiac manifestation of systemic rheumatological conditions, such as RHEUMATIC FEVER. Rheumatic heart disease can involve any part the heart, most often the HEART VALVES and the ENDOCARDIUM.
Occlusion of the outflow tract in either the LEFT VENTRICLE or the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart. This may result from CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS, predisposing heart diseases, complications of surgery, or HEART NEOPLASMS.
A congenital coronary vessel anomaly in which the left main CORONARY ARTERY originates from the PULMONARY ARTERY instead of from AORTA. The congenital heart defect typically results in coronary artery FISTULA; LEFT-SIDED HEART FAILURE and MITRAL VALVE INSUFFICIENCY during the first months of life.
Disease-related laceration or tearing of tissues of the heart, including the free-wall MYOCARDIUM; HEART SEPTUM; PAPILLARY MUSCLES; CHORDAE TENDINEAE; and any of the HEART VALVES. Pathological rupture usually results from myocardial infarction (HEART RUPTURE, POST-INFARCTION).
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Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...