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Association between body mass index and folate insufficiency indicative of neural tube defects risk among nonpregnant women of childbearing age in the United States, NHANES, 2007-2010.

07:00 EST 13th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Association between body mass index and folate insufficiency indicative of neural tube defects risk among nonpregnant women of childbearing age in the United States, NHANES, 2007-2010."

Maternal folate status and obesity are known risk factors for neural tube defects (NTD) in the offspring. We examined the association between body mass index (BMI) categories and blood folate concentrations, specifically, red blood cell (RBC) folate concentrations indicative of NTD risk among nonpregnant women of child-bearing age (20-44 years) in the United States.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Birth defects research
ISSN: 2472-1727
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A state of insufficient flesh on the body usually defined as having a body weight less than skeletal and physical standards. Depending on age, sex, and genetic background, a BODY MASS INDEX of less than 18.5 is considered as underweight.

An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".

A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).

The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.

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