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A Phosphinine-derived 1-Phospha-7-bora-norbornadiene: Frustrated Lewis Pair Type Activation of Triple Bonds.

07:00 EST 13th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "A Phosphinine-derived 1-Phospha-7-bora-norbornadiene: Frustrated Lewis Pair Type Activation of Triple Bonds."

Salt metathesis of 2,4,6-triphosphacyclohexadienyl lithium and chlorobis(pentafluorophenyl)borane affords a 1-phospha-7-bora-norbornadiene derivative 2 . The C≡N triple bonds of nitriles insert into the P-B bond of 2 with concomitant C-B bond cleavage, while the C≡C bonds of phenylacetylenes react with 2 to form λ 4 -phosphabarrelenes. Even though 2 must formally be regarded as a classical Lewis adduct, the C≡N and C≡C activation processes observed (and the mild conditions under which they occur) are reminiscent of the reactivity of frustrated Lewis pairs. Indeed, NMR and computational studies give insight into the mechanism of the reactions and reveal the labile nature of the phosphorus-boron bond in 2 , which is also suggested by detailed NMR spectroscopic studies on this compound. Nitrile insertion is thus preceded by ring opening of the bicycle of 2 through P-B bond splitting with a low energy barrier. By contrast, the reaction with alkynes involves formation of a reactive zwitterionic methylphosphininium borate intermediate, which readily undergoes alkyne 1,4-addition.

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Name: Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)
ISSN: 1521-3765
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