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Cu@Pt nanoparticles (NPs) are experimentally regarded as improved catalysts for the NO x storage-reduction, with higher activities and selectivities compared to pure Pt or Cu NPs, and to inverse Pt@Cu NPs. Here, a density-functional theory based study on such NP models with different sizes and shapes reveals that the observed enhanced stability of Cu@Pt compared to Pt@Cu NPs is due energetic reasons. On both types of core@shell NPs charge is transferred from Cu to Pt, strengthening the NP cohesion energy in Pt@Cu NPs, and spreading charge along the surface in Cu@Pt NPs. The negative surface Pt atoms in the latter diminish the NO bonding due to an energetic rise of the Pt bands, as detected by the appliance of the d -band model, although other factors such as atomic low coordination or the presence of an immediate subsurface Pt atom do as well. A charge density difference analysis discloses a donation/backdonation mechanism in the NO adsorption.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)
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Nanometer-sized particles that are nanoscale in three dimensions. They include nanocrystaline materials; NANOCAPSULES; METAL NANOPARTICLES; DENDRIMERS, and QUANTUM DOTS. The uses of nanoparticles include DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and cancer targeting and imaging.
Nanoparticles produced from metals whose uses include biosensors, optics, and catalysts. In biomedical applications the particles frequently involve the noble metals, especially gold and silver.
A layer of protein coating adsorbed by NANOPARTICLES upon entry into PLASMA or other protein-containing biological fluids, which affects how nanoparticles are internalized by cells and cleared from the body.
A psychological theory based on dimensions or categories used by a given person in describing or explaining the personality and behavior of others or of himself. The basic idea is that different people will use consistently different categories. The theory was formulated in the fifties by George Kelly. Two tests devised by him are the role construct repertory test and the repertory grid test. (From Stuart Sutherland, The International Dictionary of Psychology, 1989)
A quantitative prediction of the biological, ecotoxicological or pharmaceutical activity of a molecule. It is based upon structure and activity information gathered from a series of similar compounds.