Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Our paper reviews recent progress in the study and understanding of observed trends in extreme rainfall events in the Metropolitan Area of São Paulo (MASP). These are discussed in relation to hydrometeorological hazards that trigger natural disasters, such as flash floods, landslides, and droughts, that affect the population and local economies. A review of the most updated literature on rainfall and extremes in the MASP shows a significant increase in the total volume of rainy-season rainfall during the last seven decades. While there were practically no days with heavy rain (more than 50 mm) in the 1950s, these days have been occurring two to five times a year in the last 10 years. This, together with the inappropriate occupation of risky areas, such as slopes and banks of watercourses, leads to inundation, flooding, and landslides. Changes in extremes can be partly due to natural climate variability but can also be related to global warming and/or urbanization. There is ample evidence of an increasing risk of rainfall-related hazards in the MASP. This is particularly so for landslides in vulnerable areas. Exposure will continue to lead to risk increases. This calls for significant improvement in climate and disaster risk reduction and management efforts in the MASP region.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Global climate models predict more frequent periods of drought stress alternated by heavier, but fewer rainfall events in the future. Biodiversity studies have shown that such changed drought stress m...
A resolution passed by the government of the Brazilian state of São Paulo established a protocol for requesting free COPD medications, including tiotropium bromide, creating regional authorization ce...
Malaria outbreaks due to Plasmodium falciparum have been reported from various parts of India. Rainfall is considered as one of the major determinants for malaria outbreaks, however, an estimate of ra...
The southeastern United States consistently has high salmonellosis incidence, but disease drivers remain unknown. is regularly detected in this region's natural environment, leading to numerous expos...
We present precipitation isotope data (δH and δO values) from 19 stations across the tropics collected from 2012 to 2017 under the Coordinated Research Project F31004 sponsored by the International ...
This is a prospective, observational study to establish a repository of samples from patients with extreme lipid phenotypes including but not limited to hyperlipidemia, dyslipidemia, hyper...
Many infectious diseases require a therapy that is administered intravenously due to a lack of oral treatments. Affected patients often have to stay weeks or even months in hospital just f...
To implement and evaluate a coordinated set of activities for asthma identification, education, management, and prevention in the predominantly minority inner city schools in the Detroit m...
Public health disasters have disproportionate impacts on low income communities, through pathways that add to those of poverty and associated stressors, and act over extended periods. Very...
This cluster randomized trial will test the affect of individual participation in culturally- and socially-related activities on health and well-being, in comparison also with the classic ...
A type of climate characterized by insufficient moisture to support appreciable plant life. It is a climate of extreme aridity, usually of extreme heat, and of negligible rainfall. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort, geographic area, population subgroup, etc. to estimate trends in larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A state of unconsciousness as a complication of diabetes mellitus. It occurs in cases of extreme HYPERGLYCEMIA or extreme HYPOGLYCEMIA as a complication of INSULIN therapy.
High temperature weather exceeding the average and of several weeks duration. Extreme heat is a dangerous situation that can bring on health emergencies in susceptible people.
A large or important municipality of a country, usually a major metropolitan center.