Topics

Orthographic consistency influences morphological processing in reading aloud: Evidence from a cross-linguistic study.

07:00 EST 15th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Orthographic consistency influences morphological processing in reading aloud: Evidence from a cross-linguistic study."

The present study investigated whether morphological processing in reading is influenced by the orthographic consistency of a language or its morphological complexity. Developing readers in Grade 3 and skilled adult readers participated in a reading aloud task in four alphabetic orthographies (English, French, German, Italian), which differ in terms of both orthographic consistency and morphological complexity. English is the least consistent, in terms of its spelling-to-sound relationships, as well as the most morphologically sparse, compared to the other three. Two opposing hypotheses were formulated. If orthographic consistency modulated the use of morphology in reading, readers of English should show more robust morphological processing than readers of the other three languages, because morphological units increase the reliability of spelling-to-sound mappings in the English language. In contrast, if the use of morphology in reading depended on the morphological complexity of a language, readers of French, German, and Italian should process morphological units in printed letter strings more efficiently than readers of English. Both developing and skilled readers of English showed greater morphological processing than readers of the other three languages. These results support the idea that the orthographic consistency of a language, rather than its morphological complexity, influences the extent to which morphology is used during reading. We explain our findings within the remit of extant theories of reading acquisition and outline their theoretical and educational implications.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Developmental science
ISSN: 1467-7687
Pages: e12952

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [14193 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

The ability to learn new written words is modulated by language orthographic consistency.

It is well known that a difficulty in forming lexical representations is a strong predictor of reading and spelling difficulties even after controlling for the effects of other cognitive skills. Our s...

The left inferior longitudinal fasciculus supports orthographic processing: Evidence from a lesion-behavior mapping analysis.

Orthographic processing is a critical stage in visual word recognition. However, the white-matter pathways that support this processing are unclear, as prior findings might have been confounded by imp...

Automatic semantic influence on early visual word recognition in the ventral occipito-temporal cortex.

The left ventral occipitotemporal cortex (vOT) is a critical region in reading. According to the interactive account of reading, the vOT is an interface between the lower-level visual regions and high...

Top-down activation of the visuo-orthographic system during spoken sentence processing.

The left ventral occipitotemporal cortex (vOT) is considered the key area of the visuo-orthographic system. However, some studies reported that the area is also involved in speech processing tasks, es...

Word predictability blurs the lines between production and comprehension: Evidence from the production effect in memory.

Predictions about likely upcoming input may promote rapid language processing, but the mechanisms by which such predictions are generated remain unclear. One hypothesis is that comprehenders use their...

Clinical Trials [3926 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effect of Music on Reading Comprehension in Patients With Aphasia

The purpose of this investigation is to examine the evidence on emotion, language, and music, and propose a first step, in the form of a single-subject research design, to determine the mo...

Functional Imaging and Reading Deficit in Children With NF1

A monocenter pilot study on the acceptability and feasibility of a functional MRI protocol in children with NF1 with or without reading disabilities.

Reading Together: How to Promote Children's Language Development Using Family-based Shared Book Reading

The aim of this project is to determine how shared reading promotes child language development, and to use this knowledge to make it an effective language-boosting tool for children from a...

Neuroanatomy of Reading in Congenital Deafness.

The aim of the research is to investigate phonological processing in deafness and to examine its influence on the neuroanatomy of reading.The basic hypothesis is that insofar as the abilit...

Partial Word Knowledge Growth in Children With LLD

Children with language-learning disabilities (LLD) have language and reading skills that are weaker than those of typically developing children. In the school-age years, reading is a prim...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A common and benign breast disease characterized by varying degree of fibrocystic changes in the breast tissue. There are three major patterns of morphological changes, including FIBROSIS, formation of CYSTS, and proliferation of glandular tissue (adenosis). The fibrocystic breast has a dense irregular, lumpy, bumpy consistency.

A cognitive disorder characterized by an impaired ability to comprehend written and printed words or phrases despite intact vision. This condition may be developmental or acquired. Developmental dyslexia is marked by reading achievement that falls substantially below that expected given the individual's chronological age, measured intelligence, and age-appropriate education. The disturbance in reading significantly interferes with academic achievement or with activities of daily living that require reading skills. (From DSM-IV)

Morphological findings useful in differentiation and classification of results in CYTODIAGNOSIS and related techniques.

An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.

A preconceived judgment made without adequate evidence and not easily alterable by presentation of contrary evidence.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Mergers & Acquisitions
Commercial and market reports on mergers and acquisitions in the biotechnology, pharmaceutical, medical device and life-science industries. Mergers and acquisitions (abbreviated M&A;) is an aspect of corporate strategy, corporate finance and manageme...


Searches Linking to this Article