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Morphea With Keloidal Features: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

07:00 EST 6th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Morphea With Keloidal Features: A Case Report and Review of the Literature."

Keloidal morphea is a rare variant of scleroderma, which often can be clinically confused with keloid or scar formation. We report a 34-year-old woman with a medical history of asthma and Raynaud's phenomenon, presented for the evaluation and management of multiple erythematous hyperpigmented annular plaques reportedly developed after taking trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. An initial skin biopsy showed findings supportive of a drug eruption. She was treated with oral prednisone and achieved some improvement. She presented 1 year later with enlargement of the plaques and emergence of new lesions. Skin biopsies revealed an unremarkable epidermis with marked fibrosis of the mid-to-deep dermis with sparing of the papillary dermis, and superficial and deep perivascular and perieccrine lymphoplasmacytic inflammation. Verhoeff-Van Gieson staining demonstrated the loss of elastin fibers within the fibrotic areas of the biopsy specimens, which supported the diagnosis of keloidal morphea. Her laboratory tests were positive for antinuclear antibody (greater than 1:1280). She continued treatment with oral prednisone and topical steroids, and she showed improvement. This case highlights the importance of differentiating keloidal scleroderma from a hypertrophic scar or keloid to reveal an underlying systemic process. A correlation of clinical and histopathological findings is paramount to reach a correct diagnosis, ensure appropriate treatment, and monitor for comorbid disease.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The American Journal of dermatopathology
ISSN: 1533-0311
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An article or book published after examination of published material on a subject. It may be comprehensive to various degrees and the time range of material scrutinized may be broad or narrow, but the reviews most often desired are reviews of the current literature. The textual material examined may be equally broad and can encompass, in medicine specifically, clinical material as well as experimental research or case reports. State-of-the-art reviews tend to address more current matters. A review of the literature must be differentiated from HISTORICAL ARTICLE on the same subject, but a review of historical literature is also within the scope of this publication type.

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A term used to describe a variety of localized asymmetrical SKIN thickening that is similar to those of SYSTEMIC SCLERODERMA but without the disease features in the multiple internal organs and BLOOD VESSELS. Lesions may be characterized as patches or plaques (morphea), bands (linear), or nodules.

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The non-susceptibility to infection of a large group of individuals in a population. A variety of factors can be responsible for herd immunity and this gives rise to the different definitions used in the literature. Most commonly, herd immunity refers to the case when, if most of the population is immune, infection of a single individual will not cause an epidemic. Also, in such immunized populations, susceptible individuals are not likely to become infected. Herd immunity can also refer to the case when unprotected individuals fail to contract a disease because the infecting organism has been banished from the population.

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