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To investigate the cellular mechanisms of multiple myeloma (MM), we used liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for proteomics analysis of CD138 plasma cells from patients with MM and healthy controls. We found that the 60-kDa heat shock protein (HSP60, also known as HSPD1) was significantly upregulated in myeloma cells. HSP60 is an important chaperone protein that regulates the homeostasis of mitochondrial proteins and maintains mitochondrial function. Knockdown (KD) of HSP60 in myeloma cells resulted in inhibition of proliferation and reduced the quality of the mitochondria. Mitochondrial stress tests showed that HSP60 KD inhibited glycolysis and mitochondrial activity. Metabolomics showed a decrease in glycolysis and tricarboxylic acid cycle metabolites, and inhibited the formation of creatine and phosphocreatine by the reaction of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) with amino acids mediated by demethyladenosine transferase 1, mitochondrial (TFB1M) and reduced energy storage substances. Moreover, HSP60 silencing influenced the synthesis of ribonucleotides and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) by the pentose phosphate pathway to inhibit cell proliferation. HSP60 KD inhibited 5' adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which inhibited the key enzyme 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-biphosphatase 3 (PFKFB3), effecting the metabolism of fatty acids by inhibiting malonyl-coenzyme A. Our data suggest that reduced HSP60 expression alters metabolic reprogramming in MM, inhibits tumour progression and reduces mitochondrial-dependent biosynthesis, suggesting that HSP60 is a potential therapeutic target for MM treatment.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: British journal of haematology
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A subfamily of small heat-shock proteins that are closely related to ALPHA B-CRYSTALLIN. Hsp20 heat-shock proteins can undergo PHOSPHORYLATION by CYCLIC GMP-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASES.
Stress-inducible members of the heat-shock proteins 70 family. HSP72 heat shock proteins function with other MOLECULAR CHAPERONES to mediate PROTEIN FOLDING and to stabilize pre-existent proteins against aggregation.
A group of eukaryotic high-molecular mass heat-shock proteins that represent a subfamily of HSP70 HEAT-SHOCK PROTEINS. Hsp110 proteins prevent protein aggregation and can maintain denatured proteins in folding-competent states.
A family of heat-shock proteins that contain a 70 amino-acid consensus sequence known as the J domain. The J domain of HSP40 heat shock proteins interacts with HSP70 HEAT-SHOCK PROTEINS. HSP40 heat-shock proteins play a role in regulating the ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATASES activity of HSP70 heat-shock proteins.
A constitutively expressed subfamily of the HSP70 heat-shock proteins. They preferentially bind and release hydrophobic peptides by an ATP-dependent process and are involved in post-translational PROTEIN TRANSLOCATION.
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