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It is important for medical practitioners to be aware of the effect of iodinated contrast media on the residual renal function (RRF) of dialysis patients who require diagnostic or therapeutic imaging procedures. Preservation of RRF is important given that it is a robust predictor of higher survival. However, the absence of any effect would allow for easier diagnostic or therapeutic imaging tests to be performed.
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Computed tomographic (CT) peritoneography has been widely used as reference standard to evaluate continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis-related complications. However, given the varying CT peritone...
Although echocardiograms are often performed when peritoneal dialysis is started, associations between commonly reported findings and prospective changes in renal function remain understudied. Ninety-...
Intravenous iodinated contrast media are commonly used with CT to evaluate disease and to determine treatment response. The risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) developing in patients with reduced kidney...
Residual kidney function (RKF) conveys a survival benefit among dialysis patients, but the mechanism remains unclear. Improved volume control, clearance of protein-bound and middle molecules, reduced ...
Iodinated contrast media are now frequently used in diagnostic imaging exams, including pediatrics. In adults, the acute renal failure (ARF) associated with contrast agents (CA-AKI) occur...
Over the last decades, peritoneal dialysis has grown worldwide to become one of the most common modalities of renal replacement therapy, particularly in developing or newly industrialized ...
It is well known that X-ray contrast media can affect kidney function in some patients, especially when administered intra-arterially, and patients who already suffer from reduced kidney f...
Residual renal function is reported to contribute to the survival and cardiovascular disease of peritoneal dialysis patients. Oxidative and carbonyl stress are increased in peritoneal dial...
Current therapy recommendations suggest a low protein diet to preserve residual renal function (RRF) before the start of dialysis, but a higher protein intake during dialysis to prevent pr...
Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.
Artificially produced membranes, such as semipermeable membranes used in artificial kidney dialysis (RENAL DIALYSIS), monomolecular and bimolecular membranes used as models to simulate biological CELL MEMBRANES. These membranes are also used in the process of GUIDED TISSUE REGENERATION.
Iodinated pyridine derivatives that are often used as contrast media.
An iodinated radiographic contrast medium used as acetrizoate sodium in HYSTEROSALPINGOGRAPHY.
Distention of KIDNEY with the presence of PUS and suppurative destruction of the renal parenchyma. It is often associated with renal obstruction and can lead to total or nearly total loss of renal function.
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...
Chronic kidney disease (CKD), also known as chronic renal disease, is a progressive loss in renal function over a period of months or years. The symptoms of worsening kidney function are non-specific, and might include feeling generally unwell and experi...