Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Over the last few decades the ILAE classifications for seizures and epilepsies (ILAE-EC) have been updated repeatedly to reflect the substantial progress that has been made in diagnosis and understanding of the etiology of epilepsies and seizures and to correct some of the shortcomings of the terminology used by the original taxonomy from the 1980s. However, these proposals have not been universally accepted or used in routine clinical practice. During the same period, a separate classification known as the "Four-dimensional epilepsy classification" (4D-EC) was developed which includes a seizure classification based exclusively on ictal symptomatology, which has been tested and adapted over the years. The extensive arguments for and against these two classification systems made in the past have mainly focused on the shortcomings of each system, presuming that they are incompatible. As a further more detailed discussion of the differences seemed relatively unproductive, we here review and assess the concordance between these two approaches that has evolved over time, to consider whether a classification incorporating the best aspects of the two approaches is feasible. To facilitate further discussion in this direction we outline a concrete proposal showing how such a compromise could be accomplished, the "Integrated Epilepsy Classification". This consists of five categories derived to different degrees from both of the classification systems: 1) a "Headline" summarizing localization and etiology for the less specialized users, 2) "Seizure type(s)", 3) "Epilepsy type" (focal, generalized or unknown allowing to add the epilepsy syndrome if available), 4) "Etiology", and 5) "Comorbidities & patient preferences".
This article was published in the following journal.
Neuropathological studies indicate that hippocampal sclerosis (HS) consists of three subtypes (ILAE types 1-3 HS). However, HS subtypes currently can only be diagnosed by pathological analysis of hipp...
: To compare the efficacy and safety of anterior temporal lobotomy (ATLo) and anterior temporal lobectomy (ATLe) in drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy.: Patients diagnosed with pharmacoresistant te...
A 15 year institutional experience of well-differentiated follicular cell-derived thyroid carcinomas; impact of the new 2017 TNM and WHO Classifications of Tumors of Endocrine Organs on the epidemiological trends and pathological characteristics.
Our study aimed to describe the evolution of the rate of pathological subtypes of well-differentiated follicular-cell derived thyroid carcinomas (DTCs) in the Department of Pathology, Emergency County...
The purpose of this study was to evaluate differences in stigma, disclosure management of epilepsy, and knowledge about epilepsy between patients with epilepsy who recognized and did not recognize the...
The purpose of this study was to present and analyze the way epilepsy researchers and specialists present epilepsy through visual art forms.
Epilepsy is a major disease of the nervous system (WHO, 2015), as well as the second most common neural disease. It has been recorded that there have been 65 million epilepsy patients all ...
The purpose of this research study to investigate, classify, and quantify chronic cardiac rhythm disorders in three groups of patients with epilepsy (intractable focal epilepsy, controlled...
About half of the world's children with epilepsy do not receive treatment - known as the epilepsy treatment gap - with significantly higher rates (67%-90%) in low- and middle-income countr...
Many studies have reported an association between epilepsy, including Nodding Syndrome (NS), and onchocerciasis (river blindness). A high prevalence of epilepsy has been noted particularly...
The prevalence of comorbid depression in patients with epilepsy is as high as 30-50%. The depressive symptoms severely affect seizure severity and quality of life in patients with epilepsy...
Seedless nonflowering plants of the class Filicinae. They reproduce by spores that appear as dots on the underside of feathery fronds. In earlier classifications the Pteridophyta included the club mosses, horsetails, ferns, and various fossil groups. In more recent classifications, pteridophytes and spermatophytes (seed-bearing plants) are in the division, or phylum, Tracheophyta.
Echocardiography amplified by the addition of depth to the conventional two-dimensional ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY visualizing only the length and width of the heart. Three-dimensional ultrasound imaging was first described in 1961 but its application to echocardiography did not take place until 1974. (Mayo Clin Proc 1993;68:221-40)
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
Three-dimensional computed tomographic imaging with the added dimension of time, to follow motion during imaging.
Methods of comparing two or more samples on the same two-dimensional gel electrophoresis gel.
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...
Epilepsy is defined as a disorder of brain function characterized by recurrent seizures that have a sudden onset. (Oxford Medical Dictionary). A seizure is caused by a sudden burst of excess electrical activity in the brain, causing a tempora...