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Terpenoids are a vast and diverse class of molecules with industrial and medicinal importance. The majority of these molecules are produced across kingdom Plantae via specialized metabolism. Microorganisms, mainly Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, have become choice platforms for the biosynthesis of terpenoids due to recent advances in synthetic biology and metabolic engineering. New techniques for gene discovery have expanded our search space for novel terpene synthesis pathways and unlocked unrealized potential for the microbial production of more complex derivatives. Additionally, numerous advances in host and pathway engineering have allowed for the production of terpenoids requiring oxidation and glycosylation, effectively expanding the potential target space. These advances will lay the foundation for the microbial biosynthesis of a seemingly infinite domain of terpenoids with varying applications.
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Name: Current opinion in biotechnology
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Hospital department whose primary function is the upkeep and supervision of the buildings and grounds and the maintenance of hospital physical plant and equipment which requires engineering expertise.
Methods and techniques used to modify or select cells and develop conditions for growing cells for biosynthetic production of molecules (METABOLIC ENGINEERING), for generation of tissue structures and organs in vitro (TISSUE ENGINEERING), or for other BIOENGINEERING research objectives.
Improving the NUTRITIONAL VALUE of plant foods by augmenting the plant's environment, by using PLANT BREEDING, or by GENETIC ENGINEERING plants to increase their ability to synthesize VITAMINS or uptake essential NUTRIENTS from the soil.
Spread and adoption of inventions and techniques from one geographic area to another, from one discipline to another, or from one sector of the economy to another. For example, improvements in medical equipment may be transferred from industrial countries to developing countries, advances arising from aerospace engineering may be applied to equipment for persons with disabilities, and innovations in science arising from government research are made available to private enterprise.
Application of principles and practices of engineering science to the transformation, design, and manufacture of substances on an industrial scale.
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