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Organic matter (OM) acts as a source of carbon and is strongly implicated in biogeochemical processes, such as metal complexation and redox reactions. To illustrate the effects of OM on As mobilization in aquifers, this study characterized fluorescence features and hydrochemical properties of OM in sediments and groundwater from an As-affected field site located in the Datong Basin. Fluorescence analysis showed sediment and groundwater OM are dominated by oxidized and reduced quinone-like compounds; shorter emission wavelengths observed in groundwater indicated more labile and protein-like organic substances than in sediments. Dissolved As concentrations were positively correlated with dissolved Fe and HCO concentrations in middle and deep groundwater, suggesting labile OM degradation promotes the release of As and Fe from sediments into the groundwater. This result also demonstrated more bioavailable OM occurs in groundwater and that labile OM degradation promotes As release. Grain size distribution results indicated sedimentary As, Fe and OM are associated with fine-grained fractions. Sedimentary As content was significantly and positively correlated with FeO and OM content, suggesting the potential existence of As-Fe-OM ternary complexation; this was further supported by the results of Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectra and extraction experiments. In addition, the ratio of dissolved reduced quinone-like compounds to oxidized quinone-like compounds was positively correlated with both dissolved As and HCO concentrations, implying quinone-like compounds participate in the complexation and influence As mobilization. In the reducing environment, labile OM served as the electron donor to maintain microbial respiration and mediated reductive dissolution of Fe minerals. As-Fe-OM ternary complexation in sediments and microbial reduction have a potentially strong impact on As enrichment in groundwater, and therefore are important considerations for regulating As contamination.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)
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An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class that catalyzes the formation of 2'-deoxyribonucleotides from the corresponding ribonucleotides using NADPH as the ultimate electron donor. The deoxyribonucleoside diphosphates are used in DNA synthesis. (From Dorland, 27th ed) EC 18.104.22.168.
Any chemical species which acts as an electron-pair donor in a chemical bonding reaction with a LEWIS ACID.
The 30-kDa membrane-bound c-type cytochrome protein of mitochondria that functions as an electron donor to CYTOCHROME C GROUP in the mitochondrial and bacterial RESPIRATORY CHAIN. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p545)
Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.
ERYTHROCYTE size and HEMOGLOBIN content or concentration, usually derived from ERYTHROCYTE COUNT; BLOOD hemoglobin concentration; and HEMATOCRIT. The indices include the mean corpuscular volume (MCV), the mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), and the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC).
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Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...