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The micronutrient, zinc, plays a vital role in modulating cellular signaling recognition and enhancing intestinal barrier function. However, the precise mechanisms underlying the zinc regulation of intestinal stem cell (ISC) renewal and regeneration ability, which drive intestinal epithelial turnover to maintain the intestinal barrier, under physiological and pathological conditions are unknown. In this study, we used in vivo mouse plus ex vivo enteroid model to investigate thoroughly the protection efficacy of zinc L-aspartate (Zn-Asp) on intestinal mucosal integrity exposed to deoxynivalenol (DON). The results showed that 10 rather than 20 mg/kg body weight (BW) Zn-Asp (calculation in zinc) significantly increased the jejunum mass and ameliorated mucosa injury caused by 2 mg/kg BW DON treatment, including improvement of the intestinal morphology and barrier, as well as enteroid-forming and -budding efficiency, which was expanded from crypt cells isolated from jejunum of mice in each group. The repair process stimulated by Zn-Asp was also accompanied by increased fluorescence signal intensity of KRT20 and Villin; increased numbers of MUC2, CAG, LYZ, BrdU and Ki67 cells in mouse jejunum; and protein expression of Ki67 and PCNA in the jejunum, crypt and enteroid. Simultaneously, Zn-Asp increased ISC activity to promote intestinal epithelial renewal even under physiological conditions. These results were further verified in ex vivo enteroid culture experiments, which were treated with 100 μmol/L Zn-Asp (calculation in zinc) and 100 ng/mL DON for 72 h. Furthermore, we demonstrated that Zn-Asp improved intestinal integrity or accelerated wound healing along with Wnt/β-catenin signaling upregulation or reactivation. Our findings indicate Zn-Asp, especially Zn, enhances ISC activity to maintain the intestinal integrity by activating the Wnt/β-catenin signaling, which sheds some light upon effective preventive strategies for intestinal injury induced by mycotoxin based on ISCs with exogenous zinc preparations in the proper drugs, health foods or qualified feed.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)
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A 33-amino acid peptide derived from the C-terminal of PROGLUCAGON and mainly produced by the INTESTINAL L CELLS. It stimulates intestinal mucosal growth and decreased apoptosis of ENTEROCYTES. GLP-2 enhances gastrointestinal function and plays an important role in nutrient homeostasis.
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