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As an essential micronutrient for animals with a narrow range between essentiality and toxicity, selenium (Se) usually coexists with chromium (Cr) in contaminated aquatic environments. This study investigated effects of three diets (Microcystis aeruginosa, Chlorella vulgaris and biofilms) exposed to Se or/and Cr on Aedes albopictus as a vector for the aquatic-terrestrial transfer of Se and Cr. Se(IV)-exposed mosquitoes concentrated Se up to 66-fold faster than Se(VI)-exposed ones, corresponding to the greater Se enrichment in Se(IV)-treated diets. Analysis using synchrotron-based X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) showed that Se(0) (61.9-74.6%) dominated Se(VI)-exposed mosquitoes except for the C. vulgaris-fed larvae (organo-Se, 94.0%), while organo-Se accounted for 93.3-100.0% in Se(IV)-exposed mosquitoes. Cr accumulation in larvae (56.40-87.24 μg Cr/g DW) or adults (19.41-50.77 μg Cr/g DW) was not significantly different among all Cr(VI) treatments, despite varying diet Cr levels. With Cr(0) being dominant (57.7-94.0%), Cr(VI)-exposed mosquitoes posed little threat to predators. Although mosquitoes exposed to Se or Cr had shorter wings, adults supplied with C. vulgaris or biofilms co-exposed to Se(VI) and Cr(VI) had wings significantly (1.1-1.2 fold) longer than Se(VI) only exposed ones. Overall, our study reveals the role of Ae. albopictus in transferring waterborne Se and Cr from the contaminated aquatic ecosystem to the terrestrial ecosystem with the resulting eco-risks to wildlife in both ecosystems.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)
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The purpose of this study is to determine the amount of selenium as selenomethionine that is required to optimize selenoprotein P in selenium-deficient Chinese subjects
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A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE). It can infect birds and mammals. In humans, it is seen most frequently in Africa, Asia, and Europe presenting as a silent infection or undifferentiated fever (WEST NILE FEVER). The virus appeared in North America for the first time in 1999. It is transmitted mainly by CULEX spp mosquitoes which feed primarily on birds, but it can also be carried by the Asian Tiger mosquito, AEDES albopictus, which feeds mainly on mammals.
A selenium compound used as a source of SELENIUM, especially for patients that develop selenium deficiency following prolonged PARENTERAL NUTRITION.
Unstable isotopes of selenium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Se atoms with atomic weights 70-73, 75, 79, 81, and 83-85 are radioactive selenium isotopes.
A group of proteins that covalently attach to selenium or SELENIUM-containing compounds.
A protozoan parasite that causes avian malaria (MALARIA, AVIAN), primarily in chickens, and is transmitted by the Aedes mosquito.
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...