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Trophic transfer and biotransformation of selenium in the mosquito (Aedes albopictus) and interactive effects with hexavalent chromium.

07:00 EST 2nd March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Trophic transfer and biotransformation of selenium in the mosquito (Aedes albopictus) and interactive effects with hexavalent chromium."

As an essential micronutrient for animals with a narrow range between essentiality and toxicity, selenium (Se) usually coexists with chromium (Cr) in contaminated aquatic environments. This study investigated effects of three diets (Microcystis aeruginosa, Chlorella vulgaris and biofilms) exposed to Se or/and Cr on Aedes albopictus as a vector for the aquatic-terrestrial transfer of Se and Cr. Se(IV)-exposed mosquitoes concentrated Se up to 66-fold faster than Se(VI)-exposed ones, corresponding to the greater Se enrichment in Se(IV)-treated diets. Analysis using synchrotron-based X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) showed that Se(0) (61.9-74.6%) dominated Se(VI)-exposed mosquitoes except for the C. vulgaris-fed larvae (organo-Se, 94.0%), while organo-Se accounted for 93.3-100.0% in Se(IV)-exposed mosquitoes. Cr accumulation in larvae (56.40-87.24 μg Cr/g DW) or adults (19.41-50.77 μg Cr/g DW) was not significantly different among all Cr(VI) treatments, despite varying diet Cr levels. With Cr(0) being dominant (57.7-94.0%), Cr(VI)-exposed mosquitoes posed little threat to predators. Although mosquitoes exposed to Se or Cr had shorter wings, adults supplied with C. vulgaris or biofilms co-exposed to Se(VI) and Cr(VI) had wings significantly (1.1-1.2 fold) longer than Se(VI) only exposed ones. Overall, our study reveals the role of Ae. albopictus in transferring waterborne Se and Cr from the contaminated aquatic ecosystem to the terrestrial ecosystem with the resulting eco-risks to wildlife in both ecosystems.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)
ISSN: 1873-6424
Pages: 114288

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A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE). It can infect birds and mammals. In humans, it is seen most frequently in Africa, Asia, and Europe presenting as a silent infection or undifferentiated fever (WEST NILE FEVER). The virus appeared in North America for the first time in 1999. It is transmitted mainly by CULEX spp mosquitoes which feed primarily on birds, but it can also be carried by the Asian Tiger mosquito, AEDES albopictus, which feeds mainly on mammals.

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