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Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP) is a widely found emerging pollutant due to its heavy usage as a flame retardant. It is chemically stable and is very difficult to removal from water. The goal of this study was to explore whether iron monosulfide (FeS) can be used for reductive transformation of TCEP as FeS can react with a variety of halogenated organic contaminants. We used batch reactor systems to quantify the transformation reactions in the absence and presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB, a common surfactant in aquatic environments). The results showed that, in the presence of CTAB (100 mg L), FeS exhibited much greater reactivity towards TCEP as 93% of initial TCEP had been transformed within 14 d of reaction. In the absence of CTAB, it required 710 d of reaction to achieve 97.3% reduction of initial TCEP. The enhancement of CTAB on TCEP transformation rate could be due to the facts that CTAB could stabilize FeS suspension against aggregation, protect FeS from rapid oxidation, and increase surface adsorption of TCEP on FeS. XPS analysis showed that both Fe(II) and S(-II) species on the FeS surface were involved in the reductive transformation of TCEP. Analysis of transformation products revealed that TCEP was reductively transformed into bis(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (BCEP), Cl and CH. These findings showed that FeS may play an important role in the reductive transformation of TCEP when TCEP coexisting with CTAB in aquatic environments.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)
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Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.
A multifunctional iron-sulfur protein that is both an iron regulatory protein and cytoplasmic form of aconitate hydratase. It binds to iron regulatory elements found on mRNAs involved in iron metabolism and regulates their translation. Its rate of degradation is increased in the presence of IRON.
A multifunctional iron-sulfur protein that is both an iron regulatory protein and cytoplasmic form of aconitate hydratase. It binds to iron regulatory elements found on mRNAs involved in iron metabolism and regulates their translation. Its RNA binding ability and its aconitate hydrolase activity are dependent upon availability of IRON.
Anemia characterized by decreased or absent iron stores, low serum iron concentration, low transferrin saturation, and low hemoglobin concentration or hematocrit value. The erythrocytes are hypochromic and microcytic and the iron binding capacity is increased.
An excessive accumulation of iron in the body due to a greater than normal absorption of iron from the gastrointestinal tract or from parenteral injection. This may arise from idiopathic hemochromatosis, excessive iron intake, chronic alcoholism, certain types of refractory anemia, or transfusional hemosiderosis. (From Churchill's Illustrated Medical Dictionary, 1989)