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Graphene oxide exposure suppresses nitrate uptake by roots of wheat seedlings.

07:00 EST 21st February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Graphene oxide exposure suppresses nitrate uptake by roots of wheat seedlings."

Despite the large number of studies reporting the phytotoxicity of graphene-based materials, the effects of these materials on nutrient uptake in plants remain unclear. The present study showed that nitrate concentrations were significantly decreased in the roots of wheat plants treated with graphene oxide (GO) at 200-800 mg L. Non-invasive microelectrode measurement demonstrated that GO could significantly inhibit the net NO influx in the meristematic, elongation, and mature zones of wheat roots. Further analysis indicated that GO could be trapped in the root vacuoles, and that the maximal root length and the number of lateral roots were significantly reduced. Additionally, root tip whitening, creases, oxidative stress, and weakened respiration were observed. These observations indicate that GO is highly unfavorable for vigorous root growth and inhibits increase in root uptake area. At the molecular level, GO exposure caused DNA damage and inhibited the expression of most nitrate transporters (NRTs) in wheat roots, with the most significantly downregulated genes being NRT1.3, NRT1.5, NRT2.1, NRT2.3, and NRT2.4. We concluded that GO exposure decreased the root uptake area and root activity, and decreased the expression of NRTs, which may have consequently suppressed the NO uptake rate, leading to adverse nitrate accumulation in stressed plants.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)
ISSN: 1873-6424
Pages: 114224

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A diet which is devoid of GLUTENS from WHEAT; BARLEY; RYE; and other wheat-related varieties. The diet is designed to reduce exposure to those proteins in gluten that trigger INFLAMMATION of the small intestinal mucosa in patients with CELIAC DISEASE.

An NAD-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of nitrite to nitrate. It is a FLAVOPROTEIN that contains IRON and MOLYBDENUM and is involved in the first step of nitrate assimilation in PLANTS; FUNGI; and BACTERIA. It was formerly classified as EC 1.6.6.1.

An iron-sulfur and MOLYBDENUM containing FLAVOPROTEIN that catalyzes the oxidation of nitrite to nitrate. This enzyme can use either NAD or NADP as cofactors. It is a key enzyme that is involved in the first step of nitrate assimilation in PLANTS; FUNGI; and BACTERIA. This enzyme was formerly classified as EC 1.6.6.2.

Allergic reaction to wheat that is triggered by the immune system.

An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of nitrite to nitrate in the presence of NADP+. It is a FLAVOPROTEIN that contains IRON and MOLYBDENUM. This enzyme was formerly classified as EC 1.6.6.3 and should not be confused with the enzyme NITRATE REDUCTASE (NAD(P)H).

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