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Using the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio to predict outcomes in pediatric patients with traumatic brain injury.

07:00 EST 3rd March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Using the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio to predict outcomes in pediatric patients with traumatic brain injury."

The brain's inflammatory reaction to traumatic brain injury (TBI) generally peaks between 24 and 48 h after injury. This inflammatory cascade can be neuroprotective or may mediate secondary brain injury beyond the initial TBI. Therefore, circulating inflammatory markers may be useful for predicting outcomes in pediatric TBI. The goal of this study was to determine whether elevations in peripheral blood neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratios (NLRs) are associated with adverse outcomes in pediatric TBI patients.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Clinical neurology and neurosurgery
ISSN: 1872-6968
Pages: 105772

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Registered nurses with graduate degrees in nursing who provide care to pediatric patients who are acutely or critically ill.

The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.

The process in which the neutrophil is stimulated by diverse substances, resulting in degranulation and/or generation of reactive oxygen products, and culminating in the destruction of invading pathogens. The stimulatory substances, including opsonized particles, immune complexes, and chemotactic factors, bind to specific cell-surface receptors on the neutrophil.

A hematopoietic growth factor which promotes proliferation and maturation of neutrophil granulocytes. Clinically it is effective in decreasing the incidence of febrile neutropenia in patients with non-myeloid malignancies receiving myelosuppressive therapy or in reducing the duration of neutropenia and neutropenia-related clinical sequelae in patients with non-myeloid malignancies undergoing myeloblastive chemotherapy followed by BMT. It has also been used in AIDS patients with CMV retinitis being treated with GANCICLOVIR. (Gelman CR, Rumack BH & Hess AJ (eds): DRUGDEX(R) System. MICROMEDEX, Inc., Englewood, Colorado (Edition expires 11/30/95))

A humanized monoclonal antibody and ANTIVIRAL AGENT that is used to prevent RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS INFECTIONS in high risk pediatric patients.

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