Topics

Effect of trichome structure of Tillandsia usneoides on deposition of particulate matter under flow conditions.

07:00 EST 24th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Effect of trichome structure of Tillandsia usneoides on deposition of particulate matter under flow conditions."

The removal of particulate matters (PM) has emerged as one of the most significant issues in public health and environment worldwide. Environmentalists have proposed the use of indoor air-purifying plants as an eco-friendly strategy to resolve PM-related problems and effectively remove fine particulate matter (PM). Among air-purifying plants, Tillandsia usneoides (L.) L. (T. usneoides) has been used as a biomonitor for heavy metals and air pollutants. However, the PM removal effect of T. usneoides and its primary mechanism remain unclear. Here, we investigated the PM removal performance of T. usneoides in a closed chamber under flow conditions, the effects of trichomes, and the array density according to the different types of PM. The chamber with bulk T. usneoides under flow conditions exhibited 16.5 % and 9.2 % higher removal efficiency in PMT. usneoides for incense and A1 rigid PM, respectively, than that without T. usneoides. T. usneoides with trichome structure exhibited larger removal efficiencies of 7% and 2% in PM and PM, respectively, than without trichome for incense particles. In addition, the increase in total effective surface was effective for the deposition of both PM types. The increase in effective surface area by trichome structure and array density of T. usneoides is a crucial factor for the deposition of PM.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of hazardous materials
ISSN: 1873-3336
Pages: 122401

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [20556 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Tillandsia usneoides as biomonitors of trace elements contents in the atmosphere of the mining district of Cartagena-La Unión (Spain): New insights for element transfer and pollution source tracing.

Nowadays, atmospheric pollution has a major impact on the human health and the environment, encouraging the development of biomonitors of the air quality over a wide zone. In this study, the relevance...

Effect of flow and humidity on indoor deposition of particulate matter.

The removal of particulate matter (PM) is an important issue in public health and the global atmospheric environment. Various PM removal methods have been suggested to effectively remove PM particles....

National and sub-national exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM) and its attributable burden of disease in Iran from 1990 to 2016.

Ambient particulate matter is a public health concern. We aimed (1) to estimate national and provincial long-term exposure of Iranians to ambient particulate matter (PM) 

Independent effect of main components in particulate matter on DNA methylation and DNA methyltransferase: A molecular epidemiology study.

There is a paucity of mechanistic information on the DNA methylation and particulate matter (PM) exposure. This study aimed to investigate the association of PM and its component with DNA methylation,...

Exposure to fine particulate matter and temporal dynamics of episodic memory and depressive symptoms in older women.

Emerging data suggests PM (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter

Clinical Trials [3307 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Particulate Matter, Blood Pressure, and the Sympathetic Nervous System

Healthy volunteers will be exposed to ambient air near a roadway under the conditions of with and without a facemask and their responses will be evaluated.

Impact of Particulate Matter in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients

A prospective study will be conducted in patients with COPD. The investigators will suggest about intervention for preventing in recurrence and aggravation of adult chronic respiratory dis...

Air Pollution and Children With Cystic Fibrosis

1. To determine personal exposure to air pollution in children with cystic fibrosis; 2. To determine airway macrophage uptake of inhaled particulate matter in cystic fibrosis child...

Effect of Diesel Exhaust Particulate Exposures on Endothelial Function in Humans

Objectives: This proposal addresses the overall hypothesis that ambient fine particulate matter exerts cardiovascular health effects via alteration of endothelial homeostasis, through a me...

Effects of Particulate Matter on the Pulmonary Function and Acute Exacerbation of COPD and Asthma

Particulate matter(PM) exposure has been shown to increase the morbidity and mobility of a variety of respiratory diseases, including COPD and asthma. This study focus on the effects of PM...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Barriers used to separate and remove PARTICULATE MATTER from air.

Visible gaseous suspension of carbon and other particulate matter emitted from burning substances.

Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.

A process of separating particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or a liquid, by passing the fluid carrier through a medium that will not pass the particulates. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

A natural fuel formed by partial decomposition of vegetable matter under certain environmental conditions.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Public Health
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...

Diagnostics
A diagnostic test is any kind of medical test performed to aid in the diagnosis or detection of disease. For example: to diagnose diseases to measure the progress or recovery from disease to confirm that a person is free from disease Clin...


Searches Linking to this Article