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An innovative lanthanum carbonate grafted microfibrous composite for phosphate adsorption in wastewater.

07:00 EST 23rd December 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "An innovative lanthanum carbonate grafted microfibrous composite for phosphate adsorption in wastewater."

Excessive presence of phosphorus in waters can cause eutrophication, a global unsolved environmental problem that has caused harmful effects to our eco-system and the source of our drinking water. In the study presented in this paper, a novel lanthanum carbonate grafted microfibrous composite (LC-MC) adsorbent was synthesized aiming at removing large amount of phosphate in wastewater efficiently. An optimized LC-MC was firstly prepared. The most suitable pH for the phosphate uptake was pH 7 to 9. The adsorption showed similar behavior in a wide range of ionic strength. The presence of co-existing anions was proved to have a less significant effect on the removal. The adsorption isotherm data were better fitted by the Freundlich isotherm than the Langmuir isotherm. The equilibrium was reached at about 300 min of contact time. 80 % of original adsorption capacity can be achieved even after 5 cycles of adsorption- desorption operations, indicating great regenerative performance of the adsorbent. The adsorption mechanism study showed that the ligand exchange played a key role during the phosphate adsorption.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of hazardous materials
ISSN: 1873-3336
Pages: 121952

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