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p-Diphenols, such as homogentisic acid, gentisic acid, etamsylate, and calcium dobesilate, interfere with diagnostic tests utilizing the Trinder reaction but the mechanisms of these effects are not fully understood. We observed substantial differences both in oxidation of p-diphenols by horseradish peroxidase and their influence on oxidation of 4-aminoantipyrine and various phenolic substrates. Homogentisic acid was rapidly oxidized by the enzyme and completely blocked chromophore formation. Enzymatic oxidation of the remaining p-diphenols was slow and they only moderately inhibited chromophore formation. However, in the presence of standard substrates all tested p-diphenols were rapidly converted to p-quinones. Hydrogen peroxide consumption was significantly accelerated by homogentisic acid but not much affected by the other p-diphenols. The magnitude and mechanisms of interference caused by p-diphenols therefore depend on their structure which determines their electrochemical properties - while for homogentisic acid with an electron-donating substituent and a lower reduction potential both enzymatic oxidation and reduction of the peroxidase-generated radicals occur, for p-diphenols with electron-withdrawing substituents and higher reduction potentials only the second mechanism is significant. Correlation of the effects on the Trinder reaction with reduction potentials of interfering compounds allows prediction of such properties for a wide range of other reducing compounds based on this parameter. It also explains why compounds with very different structures but strong reducing properties show such effects.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioorganic chemistry
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