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This study evaluates the daily exposure of urban residents across various commuting modes and destinations by intersecting data from a travel survey with exposure surfaces for ultrafine particles and black carbon, in Toronto, Canada. We demonstrate that exposure misclassification is bound to arise when we approximate daily exposure with the concentration at the home location. We also identify potential inequities in the distribution of exposure to traffic-related air pollution whereby those who are mostly responsible for the generation of traffic-related air pollution (drivers and passengers) are exposed the least while active commuters and transit riders, are exposed the most.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Environmental research
Vehicle traffic is responsible for a significant portion of toxic air pollution in urban areas that has been linked to a wide range of adverse health outcomes. Most vehicle air quality analyses used f...
Road traffic accidents have decreased in most developed nations over the last decade. This has been attributed to improvements in vehicle and road design, medical technology and care, and driver educa...
Exposure to traffic noise increases the risk of sleeping disturbance, but little is known about the effect of traffic-related air pollution on insomnia symptoms. We aimed to investigate the separate a...
Sound exposure data are central for any intervention study. In the case of utilitarian mobility, where studies cannot be conducted in controlled environments, exposure data are commonly self-reported....
Early life exposure to air pollution poses a significant risk to brain development from direct exposure to toxicants or via indirect mechanisms involving the circulatory, pulmonary or gastrointestinal...
Traffic related air pollution is a well-recognised and much studied contributor to smog and is linked to a number of adverse health outcomes. Although traffic pollutants can travel long di...
This study aims to assess the effects of acute exposure to traffic-related air pollution and the underlying mechanisms.
The present study is aimed to investigate whether oral L-arginine supplementation reduces the adverse cardiovascular effects of exposure to traffic-related air pollution among a group of n...
This study also aims to raise awareness among both patients and health-care providers about the importance of pre-travel health consultation and preventive interventions prior to internati...
One questionnaire has been configured to ask therapy naive and treated patients about their travel activities. Travel activities include private and professional traveling. Another questio...
Aspects of health and disease related to travel. It includes the physiologic and psychologic beneficial or adverse effects of travel in general or with regard to specific diseases.
Health problems associated with TRAVEL.
Aspects of health and disease related to air travel. It includes the physiologic and psychologic beneficial or adverse effects.
Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.
Standards for limiting worker exposure to airborne contaminants. They are the maximum concentration in air at which it is believed that a particular substance will not produce adverse health effects with repeated daily exposure. It can be a time-weighted average (TLV-TWA), a short-term value (TLV-STEL), or an instantaneous value (TLV-Ceiling). They are expressed either as parts per million (ppm) or milligram per cubic meter (mg/m3).