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Case series: Hearing loss in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders.

07:00 EST 28th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Case series: Hearing loss in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders."

Aquaporin 4 (AQP4)- and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-associated neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) are thought to primarily affect the central nervous system (CNS). However, emerging evidence suggests that there are extra-CNS manifestations of NMOSD, including myopathies, gastrointestinal dysfunction, renal involvement and adverse pregnancy outcomes.
METHODS:
Three patients who reported hearing loss during a NMOSD relapse were identified through a retrospective case review.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Multiple sclerosis and related disorders
ISSN: 2211-0356
Pages: 102032

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Hearing loss without a physical basis. Often observed in patients with psychological or behavioral disorders.

Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the ear or of hearing disorders or demonstration of hearing acuity or loss.

Hearing loss due to exposure to explosive loud noise or chronic exposure to sound level greater than 85 dB. The hearing loss is often in the frequency range 4000-6000 hertz.

Hearing loss due to disease of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS (in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM) which originate in the COCHLEAR NUCLEI of the PONS and then ascend bilaterally to the MIDBRAIN, the THALAMUS, and then the AUDITORY CORTEX in the TEMPORAL LOBE. Bilateral lesions of the auditory pathways are usually required to cause central hearing loss. Cortical deafness refers to loss of hearing due to bilateral auditory cortex lesions. Unilateral BRAIN STEM lesions involving the cochlear nuclei may result in unilateral hearing loss.

A syndrome characterized by acute OPTIC NEURITIS in combination with acute MYELITIS, TRANSVERSE. Demyelinating and/or necrotizing lesions form in one or both optic nerves and in the spinal cord. The onset of optic neuritis and myelitis may be simultaneous or separated by several months. (J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1996 Apr;60(4):382-387)

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