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Performance of oil-in-water emulsions stabilized by different types of surface-active components.

07:00 EST 3rd March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Performance of oil-in-water emulsions stabilized by different types of surface-active components."

The emulsion stability depends on the physicochemical properties of the dispersed phase and their interaction with the continuous phase. Surface-active compounds (SAC) are added in emulsions to reduce the interfacial tension (IT) between these phases and keep the oil droplets stabilized. Moreover, small amounts of SAC can occupy intermolecular voids in the dried matrix, reducing the oxidation. However, the formulation must reflect a trade-off between protection and emulsion stabilization. Therefore, this work aimed to identify the minimum concentration of SAC (modified starch-MS, gelatin-GE, and whey protein isolate-WPI) ranging from 0.48 to 6 % (w/w) to form and stabilize droplets of an unsaturated triglyceride (fish oil-FO) or a volatile oil (orange essential oil-OEO). GE did not change the IT (6.7 mN/m) and stabilized the emulsions only through an increase of the viscosity (∼42 mPas for FO-emulsions and ∼97 mPas for OEO-emulsions), presenting high droplet size (∼10 μm) and low surface charge (∼1.5 mV). WPI reduced the IT to a limit value (4.5 mN/m at 1.2 % w/w for OEO and 5.3 mN/m at 2.4 % w/w for FO), whereas MS reduce constantly the IT with the increase of the concentration for both oils (∼4.2 mN/m at 6 % w/w). Both WPI and MS-emulsions presented similar droplet size (∼2.0 μm), but WPI presented higher surface charge of WPI-emulsions (-45 mV) than MS-emulsions (-30 mV). This study allowed to gain a consistent understanding of structure-property relationships on the use of SAC in emulsions.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
ISSN: 1873-4367
Pages: 110939

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