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The emulsion stability depends on the physicochemical properties of the dispersed phase and their interaction with the continuous phase. Surface-active compounds (SAC) are added in emulsions to reduce the interfacial tension (IT) between these phases and keep the oil droplets stabilized. Moreover, small amounts of SAC can occupy intermolecular voids in the dried matrix, reducing the oxidation. However, the formulation must reflect a trade-off between protection and emulsion stabilization. Therefore, this work aimed to identify the minimum concentration of SAC (modified starch-MS, gelatin-GE, and whey protein isolate-WPI) ranging from 0.48 to 6 % (w/w) to form and stabilize droplets of an unsaturated triglyceride (fish oil-FO) or a volatile oil (orange essential oil-OEO). GE did not change the IT (6.7 mN/m) and stabilized the emulsions only through an increase of the viscosity (∼42 mPas for FO-emulsions and ∼97 mPas for OEO-emulsions), presenting high droplet size (∼10 μm) and low surface charge (∼1.5 mV). WPI reduced the IT to a limit value (4.5 mN/m at 1.2 % w/w for OEO and 5.3 mN/m at 2.4 % w/w for FO), whereas MS reduce constantly the IT with the increase of the concentration for both oils (∼4.2 mN/m at 6 % w/w). Both WPI and MS-emulsions presented similar droplet size (∼2.0 μm), but WPI presented higher surface charge of WPI-emulsions (-45 mV) than MS-emulsions (-30 mV). This study allowed to gain a consistent understanding of structure-property relationships on the use of SAC in emulsions.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
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Colloids formed by the combination of two immiscible liquids such as oil and water. Lipid-in-water emulsions are usually liquid, like milk or lotion. Water-in-lipid emulsions tend to be creams. The formation of emulsions may be aided by amphiphatic molecules that surround one component of the system to form MICELLES.
An organic amine proton acceptor. It is used in the synthesis of surface-active agents and pharmaceuticals; as an emulsifying agent for cosmetic creams and lotions, mineral oil and paraffin wax emulsions, as a biological buffer, and used as an alkalizer. (From Merck, 11th ed; Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1424)
Emulsions of fats or lipids used primarily in parenteral feeding.
Complexes of iodine and non-ionic SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS acting as carrier and solubilizing agent for the iodine in water. Iodophors usually enhance bactericidal activity of iodine, reduce vapor pressure and odor, minimize staining, and allow wide dilution with water. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus PSEUDOMONAS. It is isolated from oil-water emulsions used as lubricants and cooling agents in the cutting and grinding of materials.
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