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Bladder cancer is among the most common urological malignancies. In this context, despite of all the technological advancements, transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT) continues to represent the gold-standard diagnostic and treatment in non-muscle invasive bladder tumours (NMIBTs). The surgical technique of en bloc bipolar tumour resection could be performed using the hemispherical shape plasma-button electrode and saline irrigation fluid or using the laser fiber. The malignant formation is gradually pushed up and separated from the bladder wall. The final aspect of the bladder wall reveals the clean muscular fibers of the detrusor layer, free of malignant tissue, irregularities or debris. Concerning the outcomes, the operative parameters are heterogenous in the literature, because of the different resection devices utilized. However, there are few main points where all the studies agreed, concerning the lower recurrence rates comparing with classical resection and also the good quality resection samples. In conclusion, even if the general outcomes are favourable for the en bloc resection, there is still a lack of large multicentric comparative trials which establish the right place of the method in the urological armamentarium.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Chirurgia (Bucharest, Romania : 1990)
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The resection or removal of the innervation of a muscle or muscle tissue.
Complete or partial surgical removal of the prostate. Three primary approaches are commonly employed: suprapubic - removal through an incision above the pubis and through the urinary bladder; retropubic - as for suprapubic but without entering the urinary bladder; and transurethral (TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF PROSTATE).
Symptom of overactive detrusor muscle of the URINARY BLADDER that contracts with abnormally high frequency and urgency. Overactive bladder is characterized by the frequent feeling of needing to urinate during the day, during the night, or both. URINARY INCONTINENCE may or may not be present.
Tumors or cancer of the URINARY BLADDER.
A HERNIA-like condition in which the weakened pelvic muscles cause the URINARY BLADDER to drop from its normal position. Fallen urinary bladder is more common in females with the bladder dropping into the VAGINA and less common in males with the bladder dropping into the SCROTUM.
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